地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (10): 1413-1426.doi: 10.11821/xb201110011

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村居民旅游支持度影响模型及机理——基于不同生命周期阶段的苏州乡村旅游地比较

汪德根1,2,3, 王金莲4, 陈田1, 章鋆3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049;
    3. 苏州大学旅游系, 苏州 215021;
    4. 黄山学院旅游学院, 黄山 245021
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-25 修回日期:2011-07-19 出版日期:2011-10-20 发布日期:2011-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 陈田, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110005240M)。E-mail: chent@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chent@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:汪德根(1973-), 男, 博士生, 副教授, 硕士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110008276M), 研究旅游地理和高铁旅游。E-mail: wdg713@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(10YJC790245)

Influence Model and Mechanism of the Rural Residents for Tourism Support: A Comparison of Rural Destinations of Suzhou in Different Life Cycle Stages

WANG Degen1,2,3, WANG Jinlian4, CHEN Tian1, ZHANG Yun3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Tourism Department of Suzhou University, Suzhou 215021, Jiangsu, China;
    4. Tourism Department of Huangshan College, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
  • Received:2011-03-25 Revised:2011-07-19 Online:2011-10-20 Published:2011-11-27
  • Supported by:

    The Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education, No.10YJC790245

摘要: 基于地方感、可持续发展、居民参与以及利益相关者等理论,选择“地方感”、“环境态度”、“参与度”、“居民感知”和“支持度”5个结构变量,构建影响旅游地居民支持度结构关系模型,以不同生命周期阶段的3 个乡村旅游地(渔港村、旺山村、蒋巷村)为实证研究对象,对居民旅游支持度结构模型进行验证分析,并依据结构方程模型分析和因子分析,深入探讨不同生命周期阶段旅游地的居民支持度的影响机制。研究表明:①基本维度因素在不同生命周期阶段旅游地的居民支持度影响模型中所起的作用存在差异,起步阶段旅游地的“地方感”和“环境态度”对支持度起正向作用,而“参与度”对支持度没有产生影响;“地方感”、“环境态度”和“参与度”对迅速发展阶段和稳定发展阶段旅游地的支持度均产生正向作用。②“居民感知”在不同生命周期阶段旅游地的居民支持度影响机制中所发挥的中介作用存在差异,起步阶段旅游地的“居民感知”没起到中介作用;迅速发展阶段旅游地的“居民感知”对支持度产生负向中介作用;稳定发展阶段旅游地的“居民感知”对支持度起到正向中介作用。③二维影响因素在不同生命周期阶段旅游地的居民支持度影响机制中所起的作用存在差异:起步阶段旅游地的“地方认同”和“基本环境态度”;迅速发展阶段旅游地的 “地方认同”、“可持续性环境态度”和“表层参与”以及稳定发展阶段旅游地的“地方依赖”、“经济代价性环境态度”、“深度参与”和“正面影响感知”对支持度均产生显著正向影响。

关键词: 居民感知, 支持度, 旅游地生命周期, 乡村旅游地, 苏州

Abstract: Based on the theory such as place attachment, sustainable development, residents participation and stakeholders, this paper chooses five structural variables (place attachment, environmental attitude, participation, residents perception and support degree) to build a structural equation model reflecting their impacts on the support of tourism residents. According to different life cycle stages of Yugang, Wangshan and Jiangxiang villages, the paper authenticates and analyzes the relational model. The paper discusses the influence on support degree of tourism residents in different life cycle stages, based on the structural equation model analysis and factor analysis. The results are shown as follows. (1) The basic dimensions produce different effects on the model in different life cycle stages. The "place attachment" and "environmental attitude" plays a positive role in the support degree in the initial stage, but the "participation" did nothing. All the three factors play a positive role in the stage of rapid and stable development. (2) The "resident perception" produces different effects on the model in different life cycle stages, but did nothing in the initial stage. It plays a negative intermediary role in the stage of rapid development and a positive intermediary role in the stage of stable development. (3) The two-dimensional factors have different effects on the model in different life cycle stages. The "place attachment" and "basic environmental attitude" in the initial stage, and the "place attachment", "sustainable environmental attitude" and "surface participation" in the stage of rapid development as well as the "local dependence", "economic costs of environmental attitude", "deep participation" and "positive impacts and perceptions" in the stage of stable development exert significant positive impacts on support degree.

Key words: resident perception, support degree, tourism destination life cycle, rural tourism destination, Suzhou