地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (9): 1239-1250.doi: 10.11821/xb201109009

• 水文研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

水库下游水沙变化与河床演变研究综述

傅开道1, 黄河清2, 钟荣华1, 王兴勇3, 苏斌1   

  1. 1. 云南大学亚洲国际河流中心, 昆明 650091;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    3. 中国水利水电科学研究院, 北京 100038
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-26 修回日期:2011-05-27 出版日期:2011-09-20 发布日期:2011-11-04
  • 作者简介:傅开道(1976-), 男, 海南陵水人, 副研究员, 博士, 从事水文地理学、河流泥沙与河床演变研究。E-mail: kdfu@ynu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40801218,40788001); 云南省中青年学术技术带头人后备人才计划(2009CI050);“十二五”国家科技支撑计划重大项目(2010BAE00739)

Reservoir-induced Downstream Changes of Water, Sediment and Channel Morphology: A Literature Review

FU Kaidao1, HUANG Heqing2, ZHONG Ronghua1, WANG Xingyong3, Su Bin1   

  1. 1. Asian International Rivers Center, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China;
    2. The Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2011-03-26 Revised:2011-05-27 Online:2011-09-20 Published:2011-11-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40801218,40788001; The Reservers' Training Projects of Yunnan Mid-Youth Scientific Technical Leader, No.2009CI050; National Key Technologies R&D Program of China during the 12th Five-Year Plan Period, No.2010BAE00739

摘要: 水库建设以满足人类日益增长的水资源及其利用的要求仍是当今世界,特别是发展中国家在水利建设中的一项重要任务。建坝改变了上下游水流边界条件,导致水沙输移变化,同时也触发了河床形态发生相应的调整。自从20 世纪30 年代全球大规模修坝后,关于此课题的研究就层出不穷。本文就此研究主题对国内外研究成果进行梳理与总结,简要综述水库下游水流挟沙变异以及河床形态演变的研究历史与现状,旨在对该领域的研究进展进行全面的归纳与总结。

关键词: 水沙变化, 河床调整, 水库下游, 研究综述

Abstract: Reservoir building to meet human's growing need for water resources utilization is still an important mission in the water conservancy construction for the present world, especially for the developing countries. However, damming changes the condition of stream flow boundary as well as water and sediment transport, which trigger the corresponding adjustment of channel morphology. Large-scale dams have been built since the 1930s, asSociated with more and more researches focusing on the their impacts of dams building on downstream discharge regime, sediment decline and geomorphologic change. This paper devotes to emphasize rearrangement and summary on the global research progress of the above issues. A brief literature review on the historical and present situation for the reservoir-induced downstream changes of water, sediment and channel morphology is reported in this paper, aiming to conclude and sum up abundant research results in this field.

Key words: water and sediment changes, channel adjustment, downstream channel of dams, literature review