地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (8): 1111-1121.doi: 10.11821/xb201108010

• 土地利用与农业地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市土地利用效率评价

吴得文1, 毛汉英2, 张小雷3, 黄金川2   

  1. 1. 国家发展改革委员会培训中心, 北京 100038;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830011
  • 收稿日期:2010-07-09 修回日期:2011-04-14 出版日期:2011-08-20 发布日期:2011-09-22
  • 作者简介:吴得文(1972-), 男, 安徽安庆人, 博士, 主要从事城市与区域规划及土地经济学研究。E-mail: fujiandewen@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑重大项目课题(2006BAJ14B01); 中科院地理资源所三期创新领域前沿课题

Assessment of Urban Land Use Efficiency in China

WU Dewen1, MAO Hanying2, ZHANG Xiaolei3, HUANG Jinchuan2   

  1. 1. Training Center of National Development and Reform Commission, Beijing 100038, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2010-07-09 Revised:2011-04-14 Online:2011-08-20 Published:2011-09-22
  • Supported by:

    National Key Technologies R & D Program of China 11th Five-Year Plan, No.2006BAJ14B01; The 3rd Knowledge Innovation Project of IGSNRR, CAS

摘要: 城市土地利用效率状况直接影响城市的社会经济发展和人居环境建设。基于数据包络法对全国655 个城市土地投入产出效率和规模效率进行了分析,结果发现:① 目前中国城市土地投入产出效率普遍较低,呈现出东部地区高、中西部低的空间分布格局;存在规模等级递增效应,但小城市表现出明显的特殊性。② 影响中国城市土地投入产出效率较低的因素较多,其中,第二、三产业从业人员投入过多尤为突出,固定资产投资和建设用地也存在一定冗余,环境产出效益相对不足。③ 中国大部分城市土地规模效率处于递增状态;城市土地规模效率空间分布亦呈现出东部地区高、中西部低的格局,且存在规模等级递减效应。对不同空间尺度和不同规模等级城市土地利用效率评价及其影响因子分析,对各级政府制定城市发展政策具有重要的现实意义。

关键词: 城市土地, 投入产出效率, 规模效率, 数据包络法, 中国

Abstract: Urban land use efficiency has direct influence on socio-economic development and construction of residential conditions in cities. Based on data envelopment analysis of the input-output and scalable efficiency of land use in 658 cities across China, some results are obtained as follows. First, the input-output efficiency of urban land use in China is low by large and ascends by the level of city scales, high in Eastern China and low in Central and Western China. The input-output efficiency of urban land use, however, is abnormally high in small cities. Second, there are a variety of factors contributing to low input-output efficiency of urban land use in China, ranging from redundant personnel investment in the secondary and tertiary industries, excessive fixed asset investment and construction land, to deficiency of environmental output which are more dramatic in different big cities by tiers. Third, the scale efficiency of land use in most of the cities in China is rising. The scale efficiency of urban land use is high in Eastern China and low in Central and Western China, descending by the level of city scales. It is of great significance to evaluate and analyze the factors contributing to different land use efficiency nationwide, three large regions and different tier cities, which will provide realistic ground for governments at all levels to stipulate urban development policies.

Key words: urban land use, input-output efficiency, scalable efficiency, data envelopment analysis, China