地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (6): 831-841.doi: 10.11821/xb201106012

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

主题型文化旅游区的阶段性演进及其驱动机制——以无锡灵山景区为例

黄震方1, 俞肇元1, 黄振林2, 祝晔1,3, 徐波2, 袁林旺1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210046;
    2. 无锡灵山实业有限公司, 无锡 214091;
    3. 南京工业职业技术学院, 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-10 修回日期:2011-01-24 出版日期:2011-06-20 发布日期:2011-08-06
  • 作者简介:黄震方(1963-), 男, 江苏扬中人, 博士、教授、博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110002383M), 主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。E-mail: zhfh@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971087);博士学科点专项科研基金项目(20093207110008);江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目

Evolutionary Stages and Dynamic Mechanisms of Thematic Cultural Tourist Areas: A Case Study of Lingshan Scenic Area in Wuxi

HUANG Zhenfang1, YU Zhaoyuan1, HUANG Zhenlin2, ZHU Ye1,3, XU Bo2, YUAN Linwang1   

  1. 1. College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China;
    2. Wuxi Lingshan Co. Ltd., Wuxi 214091, Jiangsu, China;
    3. Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2010-08-10 Revised:2011-01-24 Online:2011-06-20 Published:2011-08-06
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971087; Special Scientific Research Fund of Doctor Discipline Point, No.20093207110008; A Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions

摘要: 综合运用Tramo/Seats 季节调整方法和多峰拟合方法,分析了无锡灵山景区1998-2009 年游客变化的阶段性及波动特征。结果显示:① 灵山景区游客演变具有明显的阶段性,其演进过程经过初步开发期、提升发展期后,现在正处在成熟发展期;② 主题型文化旅游区的阶段性演化是其生命周期重要组成部分,在长尺度上表现为趋势的分段而在小尺度上表现为波动结构变化;③ 文化资源、市场需求、旅游投资和产品升级等因素是主题型文化旅游区阶段性演变的重要动力因素。进而基于旅游地生命周期理论,构建了主题型文化旅游区发展演化的理论模型,将主题型文化旅游区的生命周期分为探索起步期、充实发展期、快速发展期、平稳发展期和后续发展期(衰亡或复兴) 5 个阶段。旅游区演化受多种要素的影响,各动力因素的相互作用及阶段性转换构成了主题型文化旅游区演化的动力,并导致旅游区阶段性演化和波动性成长。通过不断强化文化特色,增强文化驱动力,培育文化旅游区发展的整体动力,形成多元驱动的旅游区成长机制,可促进主题型文化旅游区的可持续发展。

关键词: 主题型文化旅游区, 阶段性演进, 多峰拟合, 驱动机制, 无锡灵山

Abstract: With the seasonal adjustment of Tramo/Seats and multi-peak fitting methods, this paper analyses the evolutionary stages and fluctuant characteristics of Wuxi Lingshan Scenic Area from 1998 to 2008. Some conclusions can be drawn as follows. 1) In terms of the tourist evolutionary stages of Lingshan, it has entered the mature stage after the preliminary and upgrading evolutionary stages. 2) The stage evolution has always been a key component of a thematic cultural tourist area in its life cycle, which displays the tendency phase division in the long term and the fluctuant variations in the short term. 3) The key dynamic factors that affect the evolutionary stages of thematic cultural tourist areas may include cultural resources, market demand, tourist investment, product improvement, etc. Furthermore, based on the theory of the tourist destination life cycle, we establish a theoretic model of the development and evolution of thematic cultural tourist areas. Therefore, the life cycle of a thematic cultural tourist area can be divided into five stages, i.e., the exploration and starting stage, the substantial development stage, the fast development stage, the balanced development stage and the follow-up (declining or recessing) development stage. Influenced by more factors than one, the evolution of a thematic cultural tourist area is jointly motivated under the interactions and phase transformations of various dynamic factors, and also led to its stage evolution and fluctuant growth. Finally, a thematic cultural tourist area can maintain sustained development by enhancing its cultural characteristic, strengthening the cultural driving force, cultivating the overall development power and shaping its multi-dynamic growth mechanism.

Key words: thematic cultural tourist area, evolutionary stage, multi-peak fitting, dynamic mechanism, Wuxi Lingshan Scenic Area