地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (5): 673-684.doi: 10.11821/xb201105010

• 自然地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

盐碱地可持续利用研究综述

王佳丽1,2, 黄贤金1, 钟太洋1, 陈志刚1   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院国土资源与旅游学系,南京 210093;
    2. 安徽农业大学经管学院土地资源管理系,合肥 210036
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-19 修回日期:2011-02-15 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-07-13
  • 通讯作者: 黄贤金(1968-), 教授、博导,主要从事土地利用、资源环境经济与政策研究。E-mail: hxj369@nju.edu.cn E-mail:hxj369@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王佳丽(1981-),女,安徽蒙城人,讲师,博士研究生,主要研究方向为农户土地利用行为、土地利用变化。E-mail: jialiwang1981@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    农业部公益性行业(农业) 科研专项经费项目(200903001-1-4)

Review on Sustainable Utilization of Salt-affected Land

WANG Jiali1,2, HUANG Xianjin1, ZHONG Taiyang1, CHEN Zhigang1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. College of Management Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
  • Received:2010-12-19 Revised:2011-02-15 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-07-13
  • Supported by:

    Non-profit Industry (Agriculture) Financial Program of Ministry of Agriculture of China, No.200903001-1-4

摘要: 盐碱地资源的开发利用对粮食生产具有重大贡献。但水资源的缺乏、气候变化使盐碱地开发利用工作更具挑战性。文章系统总结了近年来盐碱地可持续利用研究取得的重要进展:(1)盐碱地可持续利用的技术研发、排盐水环境安全处理及技术配套管理研究;(2) 盐碱地可持续利用的农户技术选择行为研究;(3) 盐碱地可持续利用的科学研究方法。提出盐碱地可持续利用进一步研究的建议:加强多学科交叉融合的研究;强调农户技术选择行为研究;增强研究方法的科学性。

关键词: 盐碱地, 可持续利用, 技术研发, 农户行为, 科学方法

Abstract: The exploitation of salt-affected land resources has made significant contribution to grain production. However it will be faced with a big challenge due to fresh water shortage and climate change. In the past few years, great progress has been made in sustainable utilization of salt-affected land. The contents of this paper include the following parts: (1) the major progress of Technology Research and Development (Tech R&D), drainage waters disposed off in an environmentally safe manner, and necessary management for technology of sustainable use of salt-affected land; (2) a detailed review of farm household behavior of technology choice for sustainable salt-affected land; (3) a brief review of the scientific research method for sustainable use of saline land. It is suggested that the following aspects should be further studied: (1) to strengthen the cooperation of scientists in different disciplines; (2) to emphasize the research on micro-subject farm household behavior of technology choice; (3) to increase the scientificity of research method.

Key words: salt-affected land, sustainable utilization, Tech R&D, farm household behavior, scientific method