地理学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (2): 157-166.doi: 10.11821/xb201102002

• 城市研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

职住分离的空间差异性及其影响因素研究

柴彦威1, 张艳1, 刘志林2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院城市与经济地理系,北京100871;
    2. 清华大学公共管理学院北京100084
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-12 修回日期:2010-09-13 出版日期:2011-02-20 发布日期:2011-03-31
  • 作者简介:柴彦威(1964-), 甘肃会宁人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110000358M), 主要从事城市地理 与文化、行为地理的教学与研究。E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41071102; 40801056)

Spatial Differences of Home-Work Separation and the Impacts of Housing Policy and Urban Sprawl:Evidence from Household Survey Data in Beijing

CHAI Yanwei1, ZHANG Yan1, LIU Zhilin2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Economic Geography, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2010-03-12 Revised:2010-09-13 Online:2011-02-20 Published:2011-03-31
  • Supported by:

    Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41071102; No.40801056

摘要: 制度转型与空间重构背景下,中国大城市的居住与就业空间关系发生明显变化,职住分离 现象逐渐凸显。尽管城市地理学者逐步关注转型期城市居住与就业空间关系的变化对居民通 勤行为的影响,然而深入探讨微观个体所承受的职住分离程度的差异性及其影响因素的实证研 究仍然缺乏。基于对北京城市520 户家庭、806 个通勤样本的问卷调查数据,本文借助多元回归 模型验证了居住区类型、家庭及住房状况、以及其他社会经济属性等居民职住分离程度差异性 的影响,从而折射城市转型过程中宏观制度性及结构性因素(如土地市场化改革、住房政策、单 位制度改革、城市空间扩展等) 对个体日常生活经历差异性的影响。

关键词: 职住分离, 空间差异性, 市场化, 单位制度改革, 城市空间扩张, 北京市

Abstract: In the last decades Chinese cities have seen the phenomenal rise of job and residential mobility in transitional urban China, as well as the profound urban spatial restructuring as a consequence. Some studies, however, noticed possible negative impacts of urban sprawl and housing reform on households' living experience, particularly with respect to their accessibility to jobs, services and amenities. Western studies have shown that many households have moved to better housing by enduring longer commuting distance to workplace. In China, home-work separation becomes more acute for certain households due to the rapid urban sprawl and the dismantling of the work unit system that favored mixed land use patterns. However, so far there has been limited empirical research on the extent and determinants of home-work separation in transitional urban China. This paper attempts to contribute to such intellectual gap by providing empirical evidence for home-work separation and commuting patterns of urban residents in Beijing. Using survey data from 1200 residents conducted in 2007 and GIS spatial analysis techniques, we investigate the spatial patterns of commuting behavior as a measurement of home-work separation. Then we focus on job accessibility of residents in different socio-economic groups, using the measurement of commuting distance. Specifically, we use statistical methods to examine the impacts of institutional factors (such as housing reform, affordable housing policy, and urban sprawl) on residents' job accessibility.

Key words: home-work separation, urban community, housing policy, danwei system, urban sprawl, Beijing