地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (11): 1421-1428.doi: 10.11821/xb201011012

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于能值分析的福建省绿色GDP核算

张虹1,2, 黄民生2, 胡晓辉1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学科技创新与发展战略研究中心,上海200062;
    2. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州350108
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-14 修回日期:2010-06-02 出版日期:2010-11-20 发布日期:2010-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄民生(1955-), 男, 福州人, 教授, 研究生导师, 研究方向为区域环境与区域可持续发展。
  • 作者简介:张虹(1989-), 女, 福建莆田人, 在读硕士, 主要从事资源环境与区域发展研究
  • 基金资助:

    国家基础科学人才培养基金项目(J0830521); 福建省自然科学基金项目(D0610004)

Green GDP Calculation of Fujian Province Based on Energy Analysis

ZHANG Hong1,2, HUANG Minsheng2, HU Xiaohui1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of China Innovation, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350108, China
  • Received:2010-01-14 Revised:2010-06-02 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2010-11-20
  • Supported by:

    National Basic Sciences Training Programs, No.J0830521; National Natural Science Foundation of Fujian, No.D0610004

摘要:

运用能值分析方法,通过能值转换率,将福建自然、社会经济系统储存和流动的不同种类的能量转化为统一标准——能值,得到能值消耗总量与GDP的比值即能值/货币比率。再将资源耗减与环境损失部分通过能值/货币比率转换为货币价值,并在传统GDP中扣除,即得到绿色GDP。最后运用部分能值评价指标对福建可持续发展状况进行分析。结果表明:2001 年到2006年福建省GDP增长迅速,但绿色GDP增长相对缓慢。福建居民生活水平较高,经济发达,对外贸易中以输出能值为主。但是环境压力大,可持续发展能力下降。内部资源开发不足,需要依赖外部环境,经济风险日渐增大,经济活动的竞争力趋于减弱。福建省经济增长中仍有一部分是不可持续增长,这与福建省的工业化程度有关。

关键词: 能值分析, 绿色GDP, 可持续性评价, 福建省

Abstract:

With the method of emergy analysis, the energy storage and flow of different types in natural, social and economic systems of Fujian was transformed through the emergy transformation into a unified standard - emergy. And it reached the result of ratio of emergy consumption gross and GDP, namely emergy/money ratio. Then with that ratio, this paper converted the resource consumption and environment loss into currency value and deducted it from the traditional GDP, therefore obtained the green GDP. Also the condition of sustainable development of Fujian Province was analyzed by using some emergy evaluation indices, and the results showed that the traditional GDP increased rapidly from 2001 to 2006, but the green GDP increased relatively slowly. Fujian Province was characterized by fast-developing economy, high living standard, and export-oriented foreign trade. However, under the huge population and environment pressures, its sustainable development ability dropped. In addition, Fujian was short of internal resources and relied on the external environment. So the economy was encountering increasing risk and the competitiveness of economic activities tended to be weakening. There was still some unsustainable economic growth in the development of Fujian Province, which was in relevance to its level of industrialization.

Key words: emergy analysis, green GDP, sustainability assessment, Fujian Province