地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (10): 1266-1274.doi: 10.11821/xb201010011

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

双交通模式的阿朗索模型对中国城市的模拟研究

戴特奇1, 金凤君2, 张华1, 周彬学1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875
    ;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2009-08-20 修回日期:2010-06-11 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 作者简介:戴特奇(1980-), 男, 讲师, 主要研究交通地理、城市与区域发展。E-mail: daiteqi@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635026);中国科学院知识创新工程(KZCX2-YW-Q10-4);国家自然科学基金项目(40701040)

Urban Equilibrium Model with a Bimodal Transportation System in China

DAI Teqi1, JIN Fengjun2, ZHANG Hua1,ZHOU Binxue1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    ;
    2. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2009-08-20 Revised:2010-06-11 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-10-20
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science of China, No.40635026 & Knowledge Innovation Program of The Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX2-YW-Q10-4; Project of National Natural Science of China, No. 40701040

摘要:

随着中国逐步进入机动化社会,交通拥挤开始困扰中国城市。汽车改变了人们的空间感受尺度,推动了城市郊区化和城市空间重构。交通与城市系统的研究涉及空间分析,国内相关理论研究还较少涉及。本文引入了阿朗索模型族的双交通模型来分析交通模式与城市密度之间的关系,对模型的假设做了进一步的阐述,并提取了中国城市的关键参数来模拟分析中国机动化与城市发展的关系,得到的结果较好地模拟了中国公交城市的规模和密度分布。最后,本文通过敏感性研究定量分析了收入、农业地租、交通价格和交通用地等因素对交通拥挤、城市规模和密度的影响,并得出了相关的政策启示。

关键词: 交通模式, 双交通模型, 紧凑, 公共汽车, 私家车

Abstract:

With rapid urbanization and motorization, urban transport congestion poses a challenge to the cities in China. Cars have reshaped the urban structure and urbanization progress. As this transport/land use system is involved in distance and space, not much progress has been made in model building. This paper introduces an urban equilibrium model with a bimodal transportation system and analyzes modal choice and modes of urbanization in China. We extract the key parameters from China's cities, then make simulating and sensitive analyses based on the model. Moreover, we explain the hypothesis of the model in terms of the impacts of income, land rent, price of transportation and supply of land on transport congestion, city size and density. Finally, based on the results we give some suggestions for policy making.

Key words: transportation model, urban equilibrium model, compact development, bus, car