地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (10): 1241-1252.doi: 10.11821/xb201010009

• 区域产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

发达地区创意产业网络的驱动机理与创新影响——以上海创意设计业为例

朱华晟, 吴骏毅, 魏佳丽, 李伟, 付晶   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-16 修回日期:2010-05-06 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 作者简介:朱华晟(1974-), 男, 安徽枞阳人, 博士, 副教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110007102M), 研究方向是创意产业、地方集群、区域创新, E-mail: zhuhs@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40701039)

Creative Networking in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Design Industry in Shanghai, China

ZHU Huasheng, WU Junyi, WEI Jiali, LI Wei, FU Jing   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2009-12-16 Revised:2010-05-06 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-10-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40701039

摘要:

内城新经济研究认为创意企业对网络组织更有依赖,但是对于网络的关键动力则众说纷纭。中国发达地区创意产业网络是否存在,其驱动机理在哪里?这正是研究初衷。以上海9个创意产业集聚区为研究区域,以创意设计业为研究对象,利用74 份企业问卷和16 家企业深度访谈采集数据,并运用SPSS统计分析工具进行研究。结果表明,基于投入产出关系的产业链分工协作仍然是网络驱动的重要逻辑,以人才、信息与知识流为核心的创意链正在形成。上下游企业协作有利于集体学习,它们之间的强联结对提高企业创意能力具有显著影响,然而从影响方式来看,关系内容远比关系强度更重要。“客户”和“高校”是地方网络的重要驱动主体,并以不同方式、不同程度地影响企业区位和创意能力。

关键词: 创意设计, 创意产业, 网络组织, 创新, 上海

Abstract:

Creative products are considered as the outcome of a series of interactive processes, covering creation, production, distribution and consumption. The role of intermediary organizations such as distribution channels in establishing the linkages between creators and consumers are valued highly. With a primary purpose of examining whether or not it is true in design industry in developing countries like China, the authors take the design industry of Shanghai as an example, collect data from questionnaires and in-depth interviews which were carried out in nine creative industrial agglomerations in 2007 and 2008 respectively, and use SPSS as an analysis tool to explore the effects of networking relationship on the creativity of design firms. The results show that the design industry in Shanghai does tap into creative energies of other industries through inter-industrial division based on input-output relationship. Undoubtedly, companies from the downstream industries are the key actors in the networking, and their effects on creativity depend more on content of linkages than on intensity of linkages. A couple of universities in Shanghai are also important actors on the basis of the commercial tradition with strong entrepreneurship. Actually, they are incubators of creative firms and sources of talents rather than just providers of professional services. However, unlike developed countries, there are relatively few intermediary organizations linking creators with consumers in China, and the importance of cooperation between design firms cannot be overemphasized.

Key words: design, creative industry, industrial network, innovation, Shanghai