地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (10): 1198-1208.doi: 10.11821/xb201010005

• 人口与城市 • 上一篇    下一篇

伪满时期长春城市社会空间结构研究

黄晓军, 李诚固, 庞瑞秋, 黄馨   

  1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院,长春130024
  • 收稿日期:2009-10-25 修回日期:2010-07-29 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-11-19
  • 作者简介:黄晓军(1983-), 男, 黑龙江哈尔滨人, 博士生, 中国地理学会会员(S110006754A), 主要从事城市地理、城市与区域规划等方面的研究。E-mail: huangxj054@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471014); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(09SSXT134)

The Social Spatial Structure of Changchun in the Puppet Manchuria Period

HUANG Xiaojun, LI Chenggu, PANG Ruiqiu, HUANG Xin   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2009-10-25 Revised:2010-07-29 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-11-19
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471014; The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, No.09SSXT134

摘要:

遵循长春城市空间发展变化过程,揭示了伪满之前长春社会空间结构演化特征,发现至伪满成立前,长春已经形成了“中—俄—日”三极分化的社会空间结构。伪满成立后,在“国都”城市性质、“消费”经济功能、城市空间扩张、外来移民流入等背景下,长春城市社会空间开始呈现出“中日分化”的总体格局,城市中轴线成为这一格局的空间标识。总体来看,伪满时期长春社会空间已分化为伪满高级官署区、日本人居住区、民族商业区和中国贫困农民居住区等社会区类型,空间结构模型呈现出围绕城市中心形成的同心圆与扇形结构和城市边缘“孤岛”相结合的形态模式。城市空间发展的历史基础,人口城市化的畸形发展,城市建设的殖民地本质以及“新京”城市规划等是伪满时期长春社会空间结构形成的主要机制。

关键词: 社会空间结构, 长春, 伪满时期

Abstract:

According to the developing process of urban space of Changchun, this paper reveals the evolution characteristics of socio-spatial structure before the Puppet Manchuria Period. At that time, Changchun had formed a socio-spatial structure of China-Russia-Japan tri-polar division. After the Puppet Manchuria was established, in the context of city property of capital, economic function of consumption, urban space expansion, immigrants inflows, urban social space of Changchun started to show an overall Sino-Japanese divided pattern, and central axis became the spatial label of the pattern. Generally speaking, during the Puppet Manchuria Period, social space of Changchun was divided into many social areas such as Puppet Manchuria senior government area, Japanese residential area, national commercial area, residential area for Chinese poor farmers, etc. The model of spatial structure presented a combination pattern linked with Solitary Island at the edge of city and the concentric circles and the fan-shaped structure around the city center. The historical base of urban spatial development, the abnormal development of urbanization, the colonial nature of urban construction and urban planning of Hsingking are the primary mechanisms for the formation of Changchun socio-spatial structure during the Puppet Manchuria Period.

Key words: urban socio-spatial structure, Changchun, the Puppet Manchuria Period