地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (8): 991-1003.doi: 10.11821/xb201008010

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

藏族歌曲对西藏旅游地形象感知的影响

朱竑1,2, 韩亚林2, 陈晓亮2   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院广州510631;
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-15 修回日期:2010-05-12 出版日期:2010-08-20 发布日期:2010-08-31
  • 作者简介:朱竑(1968-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110001605m), 主要研究方向为文化地理和旅游地理。E-mail: eeszhh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771067; 40861005); 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-07-0889)

The Study on Impacts of Tibetan Songs on the Perception of Tourism Destination Image of Tibet

ZHU Hong1,2, HAN Yalin2, CHEN Xiaoliang2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China;
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-09-15 Revised:2010-05-12 Online:2010-08-20 Published:2010-08-31
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771067; No.40861005; The Talent Support Project in New Century of the Ministry of Education, China, No.NCET-07-0889

摘要:

旅游形象感知一直是国内外研究的热点,且相关研究视角日趋多样化。已有研究多集中在视觉感观方面,鲜有从听觉角度分析旅游者对目的地形象的感知。随着通讯技术及便捷音响设备的发展,音乐与旅游的结合越发紧密,迫切需要对音乐影响旅游地形象感知和形象 构建的作用过程进行分析,以弥补感知研究中对听觉关注的空缺。以西藏为案例地,以广为传唱的藏族歌曲为研究对象,从旅游形象的两个层面探讨了歌曲对西藏旅游地形象感知的影响,并论证了藏族歌曲与旅游决策的相关关系。同时,还对藏族歌曲的传通有效性及其性别、年龄、文化程度对歌曲感知的差异进行了探讨。研究表明,西藏旅游形象具有多元性的 特点。藏族歌曲能够影响旅游者对西藏的形象感知,强化对西藏的向往。旅游者对旅游地形象的感知和建构是一个连续的过程,在不同的旅游环节和角色中,歌曲发挥的影响作用不同。藏族歌曲对西藏旅游地的诠释以自然风景为主,人文信息为辅,对宗教文化涉及不多。 此外,音乐传播旅游形象的实现依赖于音乐本身传播的成功,并非“造歌运动”之效果,而 藏族歌曲却突破了语言约束,表现出以汉语为感知媒介的独特特点。另外,歌曲还对旅游者理性认识旅游地,触及旅游本真具有非常重要的意义。

关键词: 藏族歌曲, 西藏, 旅游形象, 感知

Abstract:

The perception of tourism image has been a research hotspot at home and abroad. The perspective of relevant research is becoming more diverse under the influence of New Cultural Geography ideas since the 1990s. However, most studies focus more on the aspect of visual and sensory than on hearing. The combination of music and tourism is getting more and more closely as the development of communication technology and convenient audio equipment. There is an urgent need to analyze how the music influences the perception of destination image and how the music constructs the destination image, which can make up the vacancy for the study of hearing. This article discusses the impact of songs on the perception of tourism destination image of Tibet from two dimensions through the case of Tibet and research object of popular Tibetan songs, and demonstrates the correlation between the Tibetan songs and travel decision-making. At the same time, this study also discusses the validity of communication-circulation of Tibetan songs and the perception diversity of tourists from aspects of gender, age and education. The result shows that the tourism image of Tibet has a characteristic of diversity. And Tibetan songs can affect tourists on image perception of Tibet and strengthen the desire of Tibet. It is a continuous process for tourists to perceive and construct the destination image. Songs play a different role in the whole process. The annotation for Tibetan songs to Tibet destination gives first priority to natural landscape and second priority to human information and is less involved in religious culture. Furthermore, the achievement of music spreading destination image depends on the music spreading itself successfully rather than the effect of "movement of songs making", but the Tibetan songs which break through the restriction of language show a special characteristic of taking Chinese as the perception medium. In addition, songs are of great significance to tourists to get a better understanding of tourism destinations and touch the reality of tourism destination.

Key words: Tibetan songs, Tibet, tourism destination image, perception