地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (8): 929-937.doi: 10.11821/xb201008004

• 区域产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

点—轴理论在新疆与西西伯利亚区域经济合作中的应用

吴淼, 杨兆萍, 张小云   

  1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-20 修回日期:2010-03-19 出版日期:2010-08-20 发布日期:2010-08-31
  • 作者简介:吴淼(1968-), 男, 江苏南京人, 助理研究员, 研究方向为区域发展。E-mail: wm_xj@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院重点方向性项目(KZCX3-SW-355)

Research on the Pole-Axis Theory in Regional Economic Cooperation between Chinese Xinjiang and West Siberia of Russia

WU Miao, YANG Zhaoping, ZHANG Xiaoyun   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2009-09-20 Revised:2010-03-19 Online:2010-08-20 Published:2010-08-31
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX3-SW-355

摘要:

积极开展国际间的区域经济合作是地区经济发展的一个新趋势,也是我国对外开放的重要组成部分。中国新疆与俄罗斯西西伯利亚地区地理位置毗连,广泛开展双方的地区间经济合作,不仅有利于促进中俄共同繁荣与发展,而且有利于巩固本地区乃至中亚的安全与稳定。根据本区域所处的经济发展阶段和条件,本文借鉴点—轴发展理论,采用城市首位度、 引力模型以及其他定性与定量分析相结合的方法,对区域内不同等级的中心城市和交通基础 设施进行了研究,提出以第一和第二亚欧大陆桥为主要经济发展带,打通新西伯利亚市和乌鲁木齐市两个区域发展核心之间的直接陆路通道,建立乌-新经济发展轴,培育起新-西跨境区域合作的“一轴两带”的“工”形空间发展结构。在此基础上,辅以相应的合作模式,整合 跨境区域资源,形成新—西地缘经济区,促进区域社会经济发展。

关键词: 中国新疆, 俄罗斯西西伯利亚, 区域经济合作, 点轴战略

Abstract:

In recent years, actively promoting international economic cooperation is not only a new trend in regional economic development, but also an important part of China's opening up to the world. Chinese Xinjiang and the West Siberia of Russia are contiguous. Extensive inter-regional economic cooperation between them will be conducive not only to promote the common prosperity and development of China and Russia, but also to consolidate the security and stability of the Central Asian region--the geographical hub of Eurasia. According to the regional economic development stage and infrastructure conditions, this paper utilizes pole-axis theory, adopts the models of urban primacy ratio and gravitation, and other methods of quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis in research on economic functions of the different central cities and transportation infrastructure in the region. Some suggestions are put forward as follows: taking the first and second Eurasian Continental Bridge as the major economic development zone; opening up the direct land access between Novosibirsk and Urumqi; establishing a Novosibirsk-Urumqi economic development axis; and cultivating the shape "工" of "one axis with two belts" spatial development structure between Xinjiang and West Siberia. And then, the appropriate co-op modes and corresponding fields and mechanism of cooperation should be established. Only in this way can the cross-border regional resources be integrated and the regional socio-economic development of Xinjiang and West Siberian region would be promoted effectively, so a geographical economic zone will be formed in Asian inland.

Key words: Chinese Xinjiang, West Siberia of Russia, regional economic cooperation, pole-axis development strategy