地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (7): 819-827.doi: 10.11821/xb201007006

• 水文水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

水环境协同约束分区与产业布局引导研究——以江苏省为例

孙伟, 陈雯, 陈诚   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-15 修回日期:2010-02-03 出版日期:2010-07-20 发布日期:2010-07-30
  • 作者简介:孙伟(1980-), 男, 博士, 主要研究方向为区域发展与规划。E-mail: wsun@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCY2-YW-339); 国家自然科学基金项目(70703033)

Study on Cooperative Constraint Regionalization of Water Environment and the Guidance for Industrial Distribution:A Case Study of Jiangsu Province

SUN Wei, CHEN Wen, CHEN Cheng   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2009-09-15 Revised:2010-02-03 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-30
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCY2-YW-339;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.70703033

摘要:

随着发达地区经济社会的快速发展,水污染物排放量急剧增加,致使区域水环境不断恶化,并成为制约区域经济社会发展的重要因素。为了协调水环境与经济发展间的关系,许多国家开展水环境功能区划研究,为流域管理和调控提供科学依据,但是这些研究大多以水体为对象,缺少水陆空间联系以及水环境承载能力对区域产业布局的限制,采用的指标多为环境本底因子,忽视了经济社会发展对水环境胁迫作用。为此,本文综合考虑水环境敏感性和压力两方面要素,提出水环境协同约束分区方法,并以江苏省为例讨论了分区评价单元划分、指标选择与处理等技术方法,通过水环境敏感性和水环境压力的二维象限解析,将全省划分为高压高敏区、高压低敏区、低压高敏区和低压低敏区等四种类型区,据此提出产业布局调整方案。研究结果可为协调区域产业发展与水环境关系、制定差别化的产业准入政策提供科学依据。

关键词: 水环境, 协同约束分区, 产业布局, 江苏省

Abstract:

Along with the rapid economic and social development in the developed areas in China, the water environment has been continuously deteriorated by the increasing amount of water pollutant discharge. Thus, water environment has already become a constraint factor to regional development. In order to coordinate the relationship between economic development and water environment, many countries have attempted water environmental function zoning so as to provide a scientific basis for the basin management. However, those researches have ignored the spatial relation between water and land area, or how the bearing capacity of water environment constrains industrial distribution. Therefore, the applied index systems concern environmental factors without considering the constraints brought by human activity to the water environment. This paper discusses the methods of cooperative constraint regionalization of water environment which is related to both the sensitivity and the pressure of water environment, including how to divide the assessed units, and how to choose and manage the assessed elements etc. Then, as a case study, Jiangsu Province is divided into four types by the method of two-dimensional quadrant analysis, namely, high-pressure and high-sensitivity area, high-pressure and low-sensitivity area, low-pressure and high-sensitivity area, and low-pressure and low-sensitivity area. Finally, this paper presents the scheme of industrial distribution adjustment, which provides a scientific basis for making different industrial policies as well as harmonizing the industrial development and the bearing capacity of water environment.

Key words: water environment, cooperative constraint regionalization, industrial distribution, Jiangsu Province