地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 736-744.doi: 10.11821/xb201006011

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

空心村土地整治潜力调查与评价技术方法——以山东省禹城市为例

朱晓华1, 陈秧分1, 2, 刘彦随1, 张济1, 2, 李亚云1, 2, 丁晶晶1, 2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-20 修回日期:2010-03-18 出版日期:2010-06-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-), 研究员, 博士生导师。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:朱晓华(1972-), 男, 安徽郎溪人, 博士、副研究员, 当前主要从事乡村土地利用研究。E-mail: zhuxh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40635029; 40701055); 中国科学院知识创新工程农业重大战略项目课题 (KSCX-YW-09)

Technique and Method of Rural Land Consolidation Potential Investigation and Assessment: A Case Study of Yucheng City, Shandong Province

ZHU Xiao-hua1,CHEN Yang-fen1, 2,LIU Yan-sui1,ZHANG Ji1, 2,LI Ya-yun1, 2,DING Jin-Jin1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-05-20 Revised:2010-03-18 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    The National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635029; No.40701055; The Key Project for Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. KSCX-YW-09

摘要:

新时期中国农村土地整治,已由单纯的学术性研究逐渐上升为拉动内需、推动新农村建设、实现统筹城乡发展战略的重大举措。开展空心村用地整治潜力的调查与评价是实行空心村整治的重要前提和基础。以山东省禹城市徐集等13 个典型村为例,综合集成地理学、信息科学、土地科学等多学科的优势与技术手段,深入开展了典型空心村选取、村庄尺度土地利用现状分类体系构建、宅基地利用属性调查表设计、高分辨率遥感影像(分辨率0.25 m) 使用与解译、空心村整治潜力类型及其测算方法等研究,逐层递进地构建了空心村用地潜力调查与评价的成套技术方法。实现了对传统土地利用研究的有益创新,有据可依,步骤清晰,成果明确,简单易行,空心村用地潜力调查与评价结果符合山东省禹城市的实际状况,取得了良好应用效果。研究成果可为开展我国空心村土地综合整治潜力的调查与评价提供技术方法支持。

关键词: 农村空心化, 农村土地整治潜力, 土地利用调查与评价, 技术方法, 山东禹城市

Abstract:

Along with the advancement of new countryside construction and the launch of coordinating urban-rural strategy, the government and academic circles have paid more attention to the hollowed village problem. As a result, the hollowed village regulation has been turning from a pure academic question to a major action currently taken to expand domestic demand, to push forward the new countryside construction and to realize urban-rural coordination. However, investigation and assessment of hollowed village land consolidation potential is the premise and crux of launching the mission of hollowed village regulation. This paper took 13 typical villages including Xuji of Yucheng City in Shandong Province as examples, and synthetically integrated the advantages and technique methods of multiple disciplines such as geography, 3S technology, land science, and information science, etc. Based on this, it built the technique and method system of hollowed village land consolidation potential investigation and assessment. During the process, we studied from different angles, such as choosing typical hollowed villages, making up current land use classification system on the village scale, designing the schedule and questionnaire for household surveys, as well as the usage and interpretation of high resolution remote sensing images, the classification of hollowed village regulation potential and the corresponding assessment models, and so on. Through the case study of Yucheng City, Shandong Province, the technique and method system built in this paper has proved to be inventive, well-founded, and easy to put into practice. Also, the result of hollowed village potential investigation and assessment was proved to be consistent with the real situation in Yucheng City and good results were gained, which could help to make use of the land consolidation potential of hollowed villages in China.

Key words: hollowed village, rural land consolidation potential, land use investigation and assessment, technique and method, Yucheng city, Shandong Province