地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 727-735.doi: 10.11821/xb201006010

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国典型农区空心村综合整治模式

  

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101; 
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-22 修回日期:2010-02-24 出版日期:2010-06-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-), 男, 研究员, 博士生导师。研究方向土地利用与乡村发展。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陈玉福(1968-), 男, 博士, 副研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110005244M), 主要研究方向为农业地理与农村发展。E-mail: chenyf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029); 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目课题(KSCX-YW-09); 国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAJ08B03)

Reconstruction Models of Hollowed Villages in Key Agricultural Regions of China

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-04-22 Revised:2010-02-24 Online:2010-06-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China No.40635029; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KSCX-YW-09; National Science and Technology Supporting Project, No. 2008BAJ08B03

摘要:

空心村是农村经济社会转型发展期出现的一种乡村地域系统退化性演变的结果,造成了农村土地资源的浪费和低效利用,严重阻碍了农村经济社会的可持续发展。深入推进空心村现状调查、潜力评价和整治模式研究,对优化城乡土地资源配置、促进新农村建设具有十分重要的意义。以地处黄淮海平原的山东省禹城市为例,基于48 个典型村庄、401 份农村空心化与空心村整治意愿的农户问卷调查,重点开展了空心村整治模式的实证研究。结果表明,研究区村庄普遍存在村庄规模小、布局散,宅基地闲置多,村庄建设规划缺乏,公共服务设施短缺等问题;农民对空心村整治的意愿强烈,87.0%的农户对推进空心村整治与中心村建设表示愿意和非常愿意;围绕构建新型城乡关系和推动农村空间重构、资源整合、集约用地的指导思想,将国家战略同农民意愿有机结合,提出了城镇化引领型、中心村整合型和村内集约型等空心村综合整治模式。

关键词: 空心村, 新农村建设, 村庄整治, 农村空间重构, 农户意愿, 禹城市

Abstract:

Hollowed villages emerged during rural eco-social development transition in China. It caused waste and inefficiency of rural land use and became an obstruction to rural eco-social development. It was of great significance for rational land allocation and new countryside construction to intensify researches on reconstructing hollowed village. Current reconstruction models of hollowed villages usually gave insufficient consideration to peasant's willingness so that some unwanted consequences were caused. In view of the facts, we developed reconstruction models of hollowed villages combining national strategies and peasant's willingness in this paper. Yucheng County of Shandong Province in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain was chosen as a case to study reconstruction models of hollowed villages. Forty-eight villages and 401 peasant households were sampled to investigate village emptying processes and peasants' willingness for reconstructing hollowed villages. The survey results revealed pervasive problems of small village size, many disused residence sites, decentralized village distribution, short of development planning and public establishment, as well as eagerly willingness of peasants for reconstructing hollowed villages. Three hollowed village reconstruction models, "urbanization leading model", "central village merger model" and "intra-village intensification model", were proposed for different types of hollowed villages by guidelines of establishing new city-countryside relationship and pushing rural space restructuring and resources integration based on peasants' willingness and value judgment of rural development. This study provides a case study of reconstruction models of hollowed villages for other main farming areas such as Northeast China Plain, Middle and Lower Yangtze Valley Plain, and Sichuan Basin.

Key words: hollowed village, new countryside construction, village reconstruction, rural spatial restructuring, peasant household desires, Yucheng city