地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (4): 465-475.doi: 10.11821/xb201004008

• 人口与城市 • 上一篇    下一篇

厦门市住房市场的空间分割及其成因解析

彭敏学   

  1. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院, 上海200092
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-18 修回日期:2009-10-18 出版日期:2010-04-25 发布日期:2010-04-25
  • 作者简介:彭敏学(1978-), 男, 博士研究生, 研究方向为大城市住房发展理论与住房建设规划方法。E-mail: pengminxue163@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(50978188)

Spatial Segmentation of Urban Housing Market and Its Formation Interpretation:A Case Study of Xiamen City

PENG Min-xue   

  1. College of Architecture and Urban Planning; Tongji University; Shanghai 200092; China
  • Received:2009-04-18 Revised:2009-10-18 Online:2010-04-25 Published:2010-04-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.50978188

摘要:

以住房子市场理论为框架建立研究假设,用主成份分析和聚类分析法刻画厦门市的住房市场特征。对住房类型子市场与聚类划分子市场进行对比分析,并采用Hedonic多重回归法对不同子市场划分方式的合理性进行验证。在此基础上,采用特征价格函数和子市场样本密度分布展开空间分析。结果显示:厦门市区划分为四个住房子市场,由城市中心地区向外呈现非均衡的层级化空间分布特征。城市中心与外围局部地区子市场的极化分布形成了"空间分割",降低了住房消费的空间替代性。多元产权结构下的市场环境、非均衡的住房用地拓展以及缺乏弹性的住房开发控制共同导致了空间分割。充分认识住房市场的结构与特征,将有助于提高城市住房公共政策的效率。

关键词: 子市场, 价格模型, 空间分割, 成因解析, 厦门

Abstract:

This paper establishes a research hypothesis on the basis of submarket theory.Principle Factor Analysis and Cluster Analysis are employed to detect the characteristic of urban housing market.A comparison was made between tenure oriented submarket model and cluster analysis submarket model.Then the Multi-Hedonic-Regression is adopted to test the significance of the submarket models.The character price functions and the distribution density of submarket samples are employed to analyze the spatial characteristic of housing market.The result shows that Xiamen city can be clustered into 4 sub-markets which display a hierarchical sequence across the city scope with inner and outer areas highly segmented.It is indicated that multi-tenure housing composition,imbalanced housing land expansion and inelastic planning control all contribute to the spatial segmentation.Furthermore,the author points out that housing policy procedure should take account of the spatial segmentation issues.

Key words: sub market, Hedonic price model, spatial segmentation, formation interpretation, Xiamen city

中图分类号: 

  • F293.3