地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (4): 387-396.doi: 10.11821/xb201004001

• 区域发展 •    下一篇

日本研发产业的空间集聚与影响因素分析

王承云   

  1. 上海师范大学旅游学院地理系, 上海200234
  • 收稿日期:2009-07-27 修回日期:2009-11-20 出版日期:2010-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:王承云(1961-), 女, 博士, 副教授, 主要研究方向: R&D产业与区域经济。E-mail: chengyun@shnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971068); 上海市教委重点学科建设、科研创新项目(J50402; 09YZ174)

Spatial Agglomeration and Influencing Factors of Japanese R&D Industry

WANG Cheng-yun   

  1. Department of Geography; Shanghai Normal University; Shanghai 200234; China
  • Received:2009-07-27 Revised:2009-11-20 Online:2010-04-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971068; Leading Academic Discipline Project of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, No.J50402; No.09YZ174

摘要:

利用统计数据考察日本国内3302家R&D企业的空间分布和集聚现象,发现日本的R&D企业高度集中在三大都市:东京都、大阪府和名古屋市;东京都的R&D企业多属于接近公司总部型,名古屋市的R&D企业则多属于接近工厂型,大阪府的R&D企业则介于总部型+工厂型之间。三大都市的研发产业结构与当地的优势行业基本一致。本文结合美、欧、日等国家关于产业集聚研究的理论和实践,概括总结了日本研发产业集聚的时空过程、驱动力量和影响因素。经济发展周期和产业结构在一定程度上决定了日本研发产业集聚的形成。而在日本研发产业发展的过程中,政策驱动和市场驱动起到了重要作用。政府政策尤其是政府在营建产学合作网络以及区域创新环境方面,极大地激励了日本研发产业的集聚和发展,以大型企业为代表的企业研发机构成为近年来日本研发产业集聚的重要力量。

关键词: R&D产业, 集聚过程, 影响因素, 分析, 日本

Abstract:

Spatial distribution and clustering phenomenon of Japanese domestic R&D enterprises are examined in this paper by the related statistical data of 3302 R&D enterprises.It is found that most of the Japanese R&D enterprises are concentrated in three districts:Tokyo Metropolis,Osaka Prefecture and Nagoya.Among them,most of the R&D companies in Tokyo Metropolis are located close to the headquarters;most R&D companies in Nagoya are close to the production plants;as for the R&D enterprises in Osaka Prefecture,some R&D enterprises are located close to the headquarters,while some others are located near the production plants.And also the R&D industrial structure in the three districts is basically consistent with the local leading industries.On the basis of theory and practice of the related industrial agglomeration in the USA,Europe,Japan and other countries,this paper studies the spatial-temporal process,influencing factors and driving forces of Japanese R&D industrial agglomeration.Economic development cycle and industrial structure determine the formation of Japanese R&D industrial agglomeration to a certain extent.However policies and market driven impetus play a critical role in the development of Japanese R&D industry.Especially Japanese government established industry-university co-operation network and regional innovation network,which has greatly promoted the development and agglomeration of Japanese R&D industry.Enterprises-based R&D institutes,particularly those in a large scale have become key point and impetus in the process of development and agglomeration of Japanese R&D industry.

Key words: R&D industry, agglomeration process, influencing factor, analysis, Japan

中图分类号: 

  • F273.1