地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (2): 202-212.doi: 10.11821/xb201002007

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

轨道交通导向下的容积率规划

渠涛1, 2, 蔡建明1, 张理茜1, 2, 郑斌3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049;
    3. 中国旅游研究院, 北京100005
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-01 修回日期:2009-09-05 出版日期:2010-02-25 发布日期:2010-07-24
  • 通讯作者: 蔡建明(1961-),山西运城,研究方向,城市可持续发展。E-mail: caijm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:渠涛(1980-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要研究方向为城市规划。E-mail: qut.06b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程(KZCX2-YW-321)

Research on Floor Area Rate Planning Guide of Railway Traffic

QU Tao1,2; CAI Jian-ming1; ZHANG Li-qian1,2; ZHENG Bin3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research; CAS; Beijing 100101; China; 
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; Beijing 100049; China; 
    3. China Tourism Academy; Beijing 100005; China
  • Received:2009-06-01 Revised:2009-09-05 Online:2010-02-25 Published:2010-07-24
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX2-YW-321

摘要:

伴随着城市化水平的快速提高,中国城市在发展过程中出现了城市土地利用效率不高、交通堵塞日益突出以及环境污染比较严重等问题。而现有的城市规划方法由于城市土地利用规划与城市交通规划的脱节,使得它并不能有效的解决我国城市发展面临的问题。本文在分析城市交通对城市土地利用影响的基础上,构建了基于轨道交通导向下的容积率规划新方法。以天津为案例,笔者对该方法进行了实证分析。与天津现有的容积率规划方案比较发现,本文推荐的容积率方案不但比天津现有的容积率方案更能提高公共交通的载客数量、塑造良好的城市景观,而且还能节省10%的出通行时间、减少35%能源消耗和44%的污染物排放以及留有更多土地作为绿地、公园以及其它公共用地,从而使得城市环境更加宜居。因此,基于轨道交通导向下的容积率规划新方法,不但可以弥补中国现有城市规划方法的不足,还能解决我国城市发展面临的问题。

关键词: 轨道交通, 容积率, 规划, 天津

Abstract:

Coupled with rapidly elevation of urbanization, the use efficiency of urban land is low in development in China\'s city, the traffic jam increasingly extrude, and the environment pollution is strictness. But because of the disjoint between the urban land use planning and the urban traffic planning, the existing urban planning method is not effective on resolve the problem faced by city. This paper construct new method of Floor Area Rate Planning guide by Railway Traffic based on analysis of land use influence on urban traffic. Take Tianjin as an example, penmen carry through demonstration analysis on this method. Compared with existing Floor Area Rate Planning project, the new project in this paper not only can enhance the hold amount of public traffic and figure better urban sight, but also can save 10% traffic time, reduce 35% energy consume and 44% contamination, and stay much land used to greenbelt and park and other public land, make the city environment better to live. Therefore, this new method not only remedy the lack of our existing urban planning method, but also can solve the problem faced by our urban development.

Key words: railway traffic, floor area rate, planning, Tianjin

中图分类号: 

  • U239.5