地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (2): 177-190.doi: 10.11821/xb201002005

• 人口与城市 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于城市创新职能的中国创新城市空间体系

吕拉昌1, 2, 李勇2   

  1. 1. 广州大学广州发展研究院, 广州510006;
    2. 广州大学地理科学学院, 广州510006
  • 收稿日期:2009-01-07 修回日期:2009-09-19 出版日期:2010-02-25 发布日期:2010-02-25
  • 作者简介:吕拉昌(1963-), 男, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110005335M), 主要从事城市、区域发展与规划研究, E-mail: lachanglu@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571049); 国家自然科学基金对外交流与合作项目(40710104036); 国家社会科学基金项目(O5BJL042); 广东省自然科学基金项目(9151051501000061); 教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助

A Research on Chinese Renovation Urban System Based on Urban Renovation Function

LU La-chang1,2; LI Yong2   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Guangzhou Development; Guangzhou University; Guangzhou 510006; China; 
    2. School of Geographical Science; Guangzhou University; Guangzhou 510006; China
  • Received:2009-01-07 Revised:2009-09-19 Online:2010-02-25 Published:2010-02-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571049; International Exchange Project of National Science Foundation, 40710104036,National Social Science Foundation, No.05BJL042; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, No.9151051501000061; Returned Overseas Student Scientific Research Project of Ministry of Education

摘要:

基于问卷、访谈及统计数据资料,采用因子分析、数学建模等综合分析方法,以知识经济下城市创新职能及城市体系理论为理论基础,探讨中国城市的创新格局、网络、等级体系及城市的创新联系,研究表明,中国创新城市体系空间格局形成以上海、北京为顶级城市的五级塔型城市体系结构,东部沿海城市在中国创新城市中具有重要地位,省会城市及经济强劲的城市一般成为区域性的创新中心。中国创新城市体系受城市创新规模、城市科研规模与效率、城市创新潜力因素、城市创新环境等多方面因素的影响。以城市间合作论文数量来测度城市之间的创新联系,结果表明,北京在知识传播和知识合作创新中的处于中心位置,高层级的城市在知识传播与合作中明显比较高层级与中层级以及低层级城市多,省会城市及经济实力强劲的区域中心城市在知识传播中起重要的作用。

关键词: 城市创新职能, 创新城市体系, 城市创新联系, 中国

Abstract:

Based on the theoretical foundation of urban innovation function and the urban system theory in knowledge economy, this paper examines the Chinese urban innovation pattern, rank system and inter-urban innovation relationships by using the methods of the questionnaire, the interviews, factorial analysis, mathematics model and so on. The study indicates that the Chinese innovation urban system consists of five levels of tower innovation urban system structure headed by Shanghai and Beijing. Generally, the eastern coastal cities have the important positions in the Chinese urban innovation city system, the capital cities of each province and the economically developed cities have been the centers of the regional innovation. The Chinese innovation urban system were driven by factors, such as urban innovational scale, the urban scientific research scale and efficiency, the urban innovation potential and urban innovation environment and so on. By using the number of co-authored papers among the cities to measure interurban innovational relationship, the study shows that Beijing has been in the central positions of the knowledge dissemination and knowledge cooperation innovation, much more knowledge dissemination among high level cities have occurred than that among the low level cities as well as between the low level cities and high level cities, provincial capital cities and the regional central cities with strong economy have played a vital role in knowledge dissemination.

Key words: urban innovation function, innovation urban system, urban innovation relation

中图分类号: 

  • F299.2