地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 91-102.doi: 10.11821/xb201001010

• 资源与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国土壤动物生态地理研究进展

殷秀琴1, 宋博1, 2, 董炜华1, 3, 辛未冬1   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院,长春130024;
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南开封475004;
    3. 长春师范学院城市与环境科学学院,长春130032
  • 收稿日期:2009-08-09 修回日期:2009-10-19 出版日期:2010-01-25 发布日期:2010-01-25
  • 作者简介:殷秀琴(1951-), 吉林长春人, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(S110001748M)。主要从事生物地理学与土壤动物生态学研究。E-mail: yinxq773@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40871120)

A Review on the Eco-geography of Soil Fauna in China

YIN Xiu-qin1; SONG Bo1; 2; DONG Wei-hua1,3; XIN Wei-dong1   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences; Northeast Normal University; Changchun 130024; China 2.College of Environment and Planning; Henan University; Kaifeng 475004; Henan; China ;
    3.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences; Changchun Normal University; Changchun 130032; China
  • Received:2009-08-09 Revised:2009-10-19 Online:2010-01-25 Published:2010-01-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40871120

摘要:

通过回顾我国近30年来土壤动物生态地理研究的进展,概述了我国土壤动物群落多样性及生态地理分布。包括我国从热带、亚热带到温带,从森林、草地、沙漠到湿地、农田乃至城市等诸多生态系统。总结了土壤动物群落对环境的响应及其指示意义研究的相关进展,从土壤动物对环境的营造、净化及其在生态系统凋落物分解和物质循环中的作用三个方面论述了土壤动物的功能,最后介绍了土壤动物与其他生物的互作、地上地下的生态学联系、全球变化对土壤动物群落的影响等热点领域的研究现状,并提出了未来土壤动物生态地理研究的热点问题。包括分子生物技术在土壤动物分类研究中的应用;土壤动物群落多样性的功能和机理;地上与地下生态系统的交互作用;干扰、污染、生物入侵和全球变化对土壤动物群落和功能的影响等。

关键词: 土壤动物, 多样性, 功能作用, 生态地理, 中国

Abstract:

This review summarizes main research findings in soil fauna eco-geography in China in the past 30 years.The subject areas and main results were overviewed including biodiversity and eco-geography distribution of soil fauna communities.Studies of ecological distributions of soil fauna and dynamics are presented in a wide range from tropical,subtropical to temperate regions,and in categories from forest,grassland,desert,wetland,farmland to urban ecosystems,the responses and indications of soil fauna to soil environments.Effects of intensive disturbance such as fire,grazing,farming,fertilization on soil fauna include sensitive and rare groups(e.g.nematode) and community indexes.The functions of soil fauna were discussed including environmental construction,environment purification,litter decomposition and elements cycles.This paper also involves the interactions between soil fauna and other biota in soil ecosystems and linking between aboveground and belowground diversity and the effects of globe change on soil fauna community in China.

Key words: soil fauna, biodiversity, functional role, eco-geography, China

中图分类号: 

  • S154