地理学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 82-90.doi: 10.11821/xb201001009

• 资源与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域水资源承载力概念及研究方法的探讨

段春青1, 刘昌明1, 2, 陈晓楠3, 柳文华2, 郑红星2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学水科学研究院,北京100875;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    3. 南水北调中线干线工程建设管理局,北京100053
  • 出版日期:2010-01-25 发布日期:2010-03-31
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院学部水问题研究咨询项目~~

Preliminary Research on Regional Water Resources Carrying Capacity Conception and Method

DUAN Chun-qing1; LIU Chang-ming1,2; CHEN Xiao-nan3; LIU Wen-hua2; ZHENG Hong-xing2   

  1. 1.College of Water Sciences; Beijing Normal University; Beijing 100875; China; 
    2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research; CAS; Beijing 100101; China; 3.Administration of the South-to-North Water Diversion Middle Route Project; Beijing 100053; China
  • Online:2010-01-25 Published:2010-03-31

摘要:

在总结区域水资源承载力研究历史和现状的基础上,阐述了水资源承载力的内涵和特点,对目前各种水资源承载力的定义进行比较,分析其中深层次的联系,提出了以"可支撑的合理规模"来描述水资源承载能力的概念。在此基础上,从"社会经济—水资源—生态、环境"复合系统角度综合分析了节水措施对水资源承载力的影响,提出了基于现代进化算法的思想的水资源承载力计算思路。将该模型应用于辽河流域水资源承载力的研究中,分析计算了该地区在规划水平年水资源可承载的规模。实例证明,该模型能够综合反映出水资源的承载规模,可以为当地的发展提供科学依据。

关键词: 水资源承载力, 可持续发展, 评价方法, 辽河

Abstract:

This paper discusses current concept of water resources carrying capacity.Furthermore,different definitions are compared and relations among these conceptions are analyzed in this study.It is suggested that the definition should consider abundant practicability besides on ecology,environment and sustainable development.Meanwhile "reasonable development scale" is applied to describe the conception of water resources carrying capacity.Based on the definition,the influences of water saving operations are analyzed,and a new calculation system of water resources carrying capacity is suggested to employ advanced evolution algorithms.This paper uses the model to carry out the research into water resources in the Liaohe River Basin,and the results show that the model is efficient.

Key words: water resources carrying capacity, sustainable development, evaluation methods, Liaohe River Basin

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.4