地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (10): 1221-1230.doi: 10.11821/xb200910008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于遥感分析的无锡市城乡过渡地域嬗变研究

杨山,  陈升   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-20 修回日期:2009-08-25 出版日期:2009-10-16 发布日期:2009-10-16
  • 作者简介:杨山 (1963-), 男, 江苏盐城人, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员 (S110002373m), 从事城市地理学及区域规划研究。E-mail: yangshan@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40771062)

Research on Transmutation of Urban-rural Transition Region Based on Remote Sensing Analysis in Wuxi

 YANG Shan,  CHEN Sheng   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2009-04-20 Revised:2009-08-25 Online:2009-10-16 Published:2009-10-16
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771062

摘要:

对无锡市30年遥感影像分析表明,20世纪90年代中期之前,无锡市城乡过渡地域用地形态主要以郊区农业形态存在,从1998年以后,郊区农业形态消失。城乡过渡地域从行政区划概念下的郊区嬗变为具有新型城乡关系的城乡耦合地域,但行政区划的调整滞后于空间用地形态及社会属性的嬗变;通过建立嬗变模型,分析影响无锡市城乡过渡地域的嬗变因素,外部控制因素主导着城乡过渡地域嬗变,同时引导内部控制因素变化,并且城乡过渡地域嬗变具有不可逆转性,城乡统筹规划中应强化乡村外部条件促进乡村发展。

关键词: 城乡过渡地域, 郊区, 耦合地域, 嬗变, 无锡

Abstract:

Based on the analysis of remote sensing images (landsat TM and MSS) of Wuxi in recent 30 years, we found that the landscape of urban-rural transition region was in the form of suburban agriculture before market economy took the dominant position (the mid-1990s of China). After that, the landscape of suburban agriculture disappeared. The urban-rural transition region transmuted from suburban, a concept of administrative division, to urban-rural coupling region with new urban-rural relationship. On the other hand, administrative division adjustment lagged behind the transmutation of landscape and social attributes. In this paper, urban built-up area is composed of consecutive city buildings, and urban-rural transition region is the external region of urban built-up area. Urban and rural areas are the complex giant systems that contain many social, cultural, economic, and landscape factors. And the urban-rural integration results in urban-rural coupling region. The term of transmutation represents not only the evolution of things but also the complete change of the essence of things. Transmutation of urban-rural transition region refers to the complete change from quantitative to qualitative of its space and attribute.
Through the establishment of the transmutation model, urban and rural factors in the transmutation of transition region are divided into internal factors (u) and external factors (v) as control variables. According to analysis of the factors influencing the urban-rural transition region, we found that the external control factors, such as the percentage of built-up area and the index of transportation accessibility, are dominant in transmutation. At the same time, external control factors bring about the changes of internal control factors such as non-agricultural employment population, non-agricultural industries, and construction land. The irreversible changes of the factors, such as expansion of built-up area, lead to an irreversible transmutation of urban-rural transition region. So the transmutation is different from normal catastrophe theory model in irreversibility.
Based on the above-mentioned studies, we provide a scientific basis for overall planning of urban and rural region. By accelerating the changes of external conditions of rural region, we can promote the rural development, and also provide a basis for adjustment of administrative divisions of the city to meet the need of economic development. As a result of the rapid expansion of urban built-up area, urban-rural transition region has almost expanded into the entire administrative area. So the further expansion of urban built-up area is bound to create a form of urban and rural interaction beyond the administrative boundaries.

Key words: urban-rural transition region, suburbs, coupling region, transmutation, Wuxi