地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (9): 1048-1057.doi: 10.11821/xb200909003

• 地理学研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国南方植物生态学研究述评

杨玉盛1,2, 郭剑芬1,2, 王健1,2, 盛浩1,2, 李熙波1,2, 林成芳1,2, 王维奇1,2, 谢锦升1,2, 陈光水1,2   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007;
    2. 湿润亚热带生态地理过程省部共建教育部重点实验室,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-15 修回日期:2009-07-10 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2010-08-02
  • 作者简介:杨玉盛 (1964-), 男, 教授, 博士, 博导。主要研究方向: 森林碳氮生物地球化学循环和森林生态学。E-mail:lengsy@nsfc.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金 (30800877)

Review on Plant Ecology in Southern China

YANG Yu-sheng1,2, GUO Jian-fen1,2, WANG Jian1,2, SHENG Hao1,2, LI Xibo1,2, LIN Cheng-fang1,2, WANG Wei-qi1,2, XIE Jin-sheng1,2, CHEN Guang-shui1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process of the Ministry of Education,Fuzhou 350007,China
  • Received:2009-06-15 Revised:2009-07-10 Online:2009-09-25 Published:2010-08-02
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.30800877

摘要:

我国热带亚热带区域生态系统具有很高的潜在脆弱性,在人类干扰和全球变化的双重影响下,我国南方地区面临着严峻的生态环境问题。本文总结和评述了近年来我国南方植物生态学研究的几个重点领域,包括森林群落生物多样性维持、群落演替机制、养分循环和碳循环,山地丘陵退化生态系统的植被恢复,湿地环境修复、生物多样性保护、生物入侵机制和温室气体排放,城市植物的环境修复、热岛效应缓解及碳源汇功能等,并展望了我国南方植物生态学研究的未来方向,提出修复和重建大面积的退化生态系统,促进生物多样性保护,维护人居环境和人类健康,提高生态系统对全球变化的适应性,增强生态安全保障,是今后我国南方植物生态学研究所肩负的历史使命。

关键词: 植物生态学, 森林, 湿地, 退化生态系统, 城市生态系统,

Abstract:

In this study, several important study fields of plant ecology in southern China have been reviewed and discussed, including the biodiversity conservation of subtropical forest community, the mechanisms of forest succession, the carbon and nutrients cycles in forest ecosystems, the ecological restoration of upland degraded land, the regeneration of wetland, the protection regime of biodiversity, the mechanisms of biological invasion, the greenhouse gas emissions, the reconstruction of urban plant, the mitigation of urban heat island and the carbon balance of urban green land. Several research priorities about plant ecology in southern China have been supplied in order to restore and reconstruct degraded ecosystems, accelerate the conservation of biodiversity, maintain habitation environment and human health, improve adaptability of ecosystem to global change, and enhance ecological safety.

Key words: plant ecology, forest, wetland, degraded ecosystem, urban ecosystem, Chin