地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (9): 1027-1038.doi: 10.11821/xb200909001

• 地理学研究综述 •    下一篇

中国综合自然地理学的近今进展与前瞻

许学工,李双成,蔡运龙   

  1. 北京大学地理科学研究中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-15 修回日期:2009-06-20 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2010-08-02
  • 作者简介:徐学工(1950-),女,博士,教授,中国地理学会会员(S110001473M),主要研究方向为综合自然地理学。E-mail:xxg@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    科技部创新方法工作资助(2007FY140800-1)

Recent Progress and Prospect of Integrated Physical Geography in China

XU Xue-gong,LI Shuan-gcheng,CAI Yun-long   

  1. Center of Geographic Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
  • Received:2009-05-15 Revised:2009-06-20 Online:2009-09-25 Published:2010-08-02
  • Supported by:

    Innovation Method Fund of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.No.2007Fy140800-1

摘要:

综合自然地理学及相关的景观生态学是自然地理学的重要分支学科。本文综述了近年来综合自然地理学在学术和应用方面取得的重要进展,由3部分组成:(1) 学科发展回顾;(2) 近今主要进展,包括在基础研究理论与方法技术方面的学科进展和研究成果应用方面的贡献;(3) 学科未来展望,包括机遇与挑战分析和重点研究领域。综合自然地理学的未来发展应注意以下方面:进一步促进更高层次的综合与集成,加强多学科间的交叉融合,共同探究地表系统复杂性问题及机制;进一步提高观测技术和模型模拟的水平,以解决空间与时间上更为复杂的生物地理过程和格局问题;进一步拓展应用领域,为国家资源、环境和社会经济的可持续发展提供科技支持。

关键词: 综合自然地理学,景观生态学, 土地科学, 自然区

Abstract:

Integrated physical geography and relative landscape ecology are important branches of physical geography. In the past few years, significant progress has been made in the development of China's integrated physical geography which consists of both academic and applied dimensions. The contents of this paper include the following parts: (1) a brief historical review of the discipline development; (2) the major progress of theories, methods and techniques in integrated physical geography and landscape ecology, and its contribution to the development of physical geography; the applications of research results and the contributions to national development; and (3) the prospects proposed for future discipline development, including analysis of opportunity and challenge, and key research fields. As for the future development trends of integrated physical geography and landscape ecology, the following aspects should be further focused on: (1) to promote the comprehensive and integrated study level, and to strengthen the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary study mechanisms to explore more complicated the problems of land surface system; (2) to upgrade the level of observation techniques and modeling simulation to solve more complex spatiotemporal eco-geographical process and pattern issues; (3) to expand the applications of research results to provide scientific support for the sustainable development of national resources, environment and socio-economy. Integrated physical geography, as a forthgoer of integrated study in geography, should strengthen international exchanges and open wider to the outside world.

Key words: integrated physical geography, landscape ecology, land science, physical regionalizatio