地理学报

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新疆铁路沿线城市与工业和谐度及其时空分异

卢思佳1,2, 张小雷1, 雷军1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所; 2. 中国科学院研究生院
  • 收稿日期:2008-12-01 修回日期:2009-05-21 出版日期:2009-08-20 发布日期:2009-09-21
  • 作者简介:卢思佳 (1984-), 男, 在读硕士, 主要研究方向为城市与区域规划、可持续发展。E-mail: ljia07@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中科院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-YW-321);; 中科院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB2-03)

Spatial-temporal Differentiation of the Systemic Harmonious Degree between Cities and Industry along the Railway Lines in Xinjiang

LU Sijia1, 2,  ZHANG Xiaolei1,  LEI Jun1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2008-12-01 Revised:2009-05-21 Online:2009-08-20 Published:2009-09-21
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Program of CAS, No.KZCX2-YW-321; The CAS Action-Plan for West Development, No.KZCX2-XB2-03

摘要:

新疆是典型的绿洲经济,资源能源丰富,生态环境脆弱,实现新型工业化与城市化的和谐发展是促进当地经济发展和解决资源环境可持续发展问题的有效途径之一。在新疆铁路沿线12个绿洲城市组成的区域经济系统的基础上,构建"城市—工业"系统中的城市化和新型工业化两个子系统,阐述了两者的交互作用机理,建立同步性、耦合度和有效性三个指数分别衡量两个子系统综合水平的一致性、系统运行的有序状态和对区域经济发展的有效程度。并分析了2000、2004和2007年新型工业化与城市化和谐度的时空分异现象,探讨了2007年12个城市和谐度的四种类型以及对应的系统基本特征。研究表明,政策要素对新疆新型工业化和城市化系统的作用明显。核心城市具有良好的系统基本特征,各个城市整体水平逐年提高。系统和谐度南北差异较大,高水平和谐的城市集中在优势明显的区域增长极。2007年新疆12个城市的系统和谐度类型可以描述为"一优、三高、六中、二低",不同的类型对应着不同的系统基本特征。

关键词: 新型工业化, 城市化, 和谐度, 时空分异, 新疆

Abstract:

Xinjiang is characterized by oasis economy with abundant resources including energy and vulnerable eco-environment. The promotion of harmonious development of new-type industrialization and urbanization in this region is an effective way to enhancing regional economy and achieving sustainable development of resources and environment. Based on the regional economic system composed of 12 oasis cities along the railway lines in this region, firstly, two sub-systems (new-type industrialization system and urbanization system) are constructed under the "urban-industry" system. This paper analyzes the interactive mechanism of two sub-systems. By building models of synchronism index, coupling factor and validity index, the harmonious degree was measured as follows: in-phase grade of development speed, system operating status and the contribution to regional economy. The paper also analyzes the spatial-temporal differentiation of harmonious degree for the years of 2000, 2004 and 2007, respectively. Besides, four types of harmonious degrees and their corresponding systemic characteristics of oasis cities are summarized in 2007. The results indicate that policies play a crucial part in the regional development, and that there are marked North-South differences in systemic harmonious degree, presenting a spatial pattern: "core cities (Urumqi, Karamay, Korle) at high-level harmonious degree, cities at average-level widely distributed and low-level occupying southern Xinjiang". At the same time, the number of low-level cities is decreased. From 2000 to 2007, synchronism index tends to be "1" and core cities are relatively good. The value of coupling factor is small in general but some lowest-level cities make extraordinary progress. And, on the whole, validity index is remarkable and rises steadily. In 2007, the types of systemic harmonious degree of 12 cities can be described as "one tip-top, three highs, six averages, and two lows", with each having its own basic characteristic.

Key words: new-type industrialization, urbanization, harmonious degree, spatial-temporal differentiation, Xinjiang