地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (4): 435-444.doi: 10.11821/xb200904006

• 产业发展与消费行为 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息技术对中国服装企业空间组织的影响

宋周莺1,2, 丁疆辉1,2,3, 刘卫东1, 刘毅1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049;
    3. 河北师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 石家庄050016
  • 收稿日期:2008-09-13 修回日期:2009-01-22 出版日期:2009-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:宋周莺(1983-), 女, 博士, 浙江省缙云县人, 主要从事信息技术与产业集群研究。 E-mail: songzy.06b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571047)

Spatial Implication of New Information and Communication Technologies on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: A Case Study of Clothing Industry

SONG Zhouying1,2, DING Jianghui1,2,3, LIU Weidong1, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS. Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Faculty of Resource and Environment Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, China
  • Received:2008-09-13 Revised:2009-01-22 Online:2009-04-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571047]

摘要:

近年来, 信息技术的广泛应用在对传统的企业组织模式产生深刻影响的同时, 也催生 了一些新的企业组织模式。信息技术导致的市场透明化和竞争激烈化正在促使企业进行不断 的变革和发展, 比如生产链的变革及其在不同环节上的体现。这些变化对企业空间组织产生 着重要影响。信息技术的角色和作用、企业的变革方向以及可能产生的空间组织变化, 都需 要深入的研究。结合统计数据、企业访谈和问卷调查等数据, 回顾了中国企业信息技术应用 的概况和主要类型, 并在此基础上以上虞市服装企业集群和PPG 为案例进行对比分析, 在地 方层面上探讨信息技术对企业空间组织的影响。案例研究结果显示信息技术促进企业生产活 动的空间集聚以及企业销售活动的空间扩散, 时间成本正成为信息时代企业空间组织的重要 影响因素。

关键词: 信息技术, 企业空间组织, 服装产业, 时间成

Abstract:

The wide application of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has been argued to be critical to business success of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), especially to those in the developing countries. Such advances have initiated debates on the spatial implications of new ICTs. Existing literature is mainly concentrated on spatial impacts of new ICTs at urban and city level, while the spatial transformation at firm level has not yet been given enough attention by geographers. Drawing upon existing literature, this paper examines Shangyu clothing cluster in Zhejiang Province and PPG company in Shanghai City as case studies to look into the spatial impacts of ICTs on SMEs. The paper argues that application of new ICTs tends to lead to "dispersed concentration" of SMEs at local level, while "time-cost" plays an important role in transforming the spatial organization of firms under new ICTs.

Key words: ICTs, spatial transformation, clothing industry, time cos