地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (3): 349-356.doi: 10.11821/xb200903010

• 地貌演变 • 上一篇    下一篇

浙江方岩丹霞地貌类型及其空间组合

欧阳杰1, 朱诚1, 彭华2, 俞锦标1, 李兰1, 周日良3, 张广胜1, 朱光耀4, 李中轩1, 钟宜顺5, 朱青1, 吕文1, 胡永起6, 郑朝贵5, 吕振荣6, 胡昶6, 武弘麟7   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京210093;
    2. 中山大学地理系,广州510275;
    3. 浙江省建设厅,杭州310027;
    4. 安徽蚌埠学院人文与社会科学部,安徽蚌埠233050;
    5. 安徽滁州学院地理系,安徽滁州239012;
    6. 浙江永康市方岩风景名胜区管理委员会,浙江永康321308;
    7. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2008-11-03 修回日期:2009-01-06 出版日期:2009-03-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 通讯作者: 朱诚,教授,博士生导师,E-mail: zhuchengnj@yahoo.com.cn E-mail:zhuchengnj@yahoo.com.cn
  • 作者简介:欧阳杰,博士研究生,自然地理与第四纪地质学专业。E-mail: oyang692000@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40871014);浙江省建设厅申报世界遗产项目和南京大学现代分析中心测试基金 资助

Types and Spatial Combination of Danxia Landforms of Fangyan in Zhejiang Province

OUYANG Jie1, ZHU Cheng1, PENG Hua2, YU Jinbiao1, LI Lan1, ZHOU Riliang3, ZHANG Guangsheng1, ZHU Guangyao4, LI Zhongxuan1, ZHONG Yishun5, ZHU Qing1, Lv Wen1, HU Yongqi6, ZHENG Chaogui5, Lv Zhenrong6, HU Chang6, WU Honglin7   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China;
    2. Department of Geography,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;
    3. Zhejiang Construction Bureau,Hangzhou 310027,China;
    4. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences,Bengbu College,Bengbu 233050,Anhui,China;
    5. Department of Geography,Chuzhou University,Chuzhou 239012,Anhui,China;
    6. Management Committee of Scenic Areas in Fangyan,Yongkang City of Zhejiang Province,Yongkang 321308,Zhejiang, China;
    7. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China
  • Received:2008-11-03 Revised:2009-01-06 Online:2009-03-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation,No.40871014;Project of Application International Natural Heritages of Construction Bureau of Zhejiang Province;The Test Foundation of Modern Analyses Center of Nanjing University

摘要:

浙江方岩突出的丹霞地貌类型有围谷、方山、峰丛、石柱和凹槽等, 它们的空间组合沿着北西—南东方向有规律的排列: 西北部五峰书院一带的凹槽和岩穴发育典型, 中部鸡鸣 峰、桃花峰等处分布有大量的新鲜崩积石, 东南部石鼓寮的石鼓、石柱尤为突出, 在峰丛与 平原交汇的东、南和西三侧被围谷所环绕。这种组合体现了随着构造隆升, 在以外力作用为主的不断“雕塑” 下, 丹霞地貌的发育一般经历了差异风化、重力崩塌、流水侵蚀搬运, 完成地貌循环侵蚀的过程, 期间孕育了绚丽多姿的丹霞地貌, 它们主要发育于早白垩世晚期的 方岩组(K1f) 冲积扇—扇前辫状河相岩层中。其中, 岩性的差异风化规律和辫状河相沉积的特点, 可以通过对三个样点的实验数据分析加以证实。方岩丹霞地貌是在我国申报世界自然遗产丹霞地貌区中“青年期” 类型的突出代表, 符合申报世界自然遗产中具有突出、普遍的 美学和科学价值的理由。

关键词: 浙江方岩, 丹霞地貌, 方岩组

Abstract:

The prominent types of Danxia landform in Fangyan include enclosed valleys, mesas, peaks, stone columns and grooves etc. Their spatial combination has regular order along the direction of northwest-southeast: typical grooves and caves are mainly located in northwestern Wufengshuyuan; abundant fresh collapsed stones can be observed in central Jimingfeng and Taohuafeng; stone drums and stone columns are in the southeastern Shiguliao particularly; enclosed valleys are encircling joints of peaks and plains from three directions of east, west, and south. The spatial combination suggests that the development of Danxia landform experienced procedures of geomorphic cycle erosion of weathering, collapse, erosion by rivers etc. under the "sculpture" of external force mainly as tectonic uplifting, picturesque Danxia landform was conceived then. They are developed mainly in the strata of Fangyan Formation (K1f) of alluvial fan-braided river phase of anterior fan in the late period of Early Cretaceous. Regular pattern of weathering of stones and features of sediments of braided river phase can be identified by analysis of experimental data obtained from three sample points. Danxia landform of Fangyan is a unique representive of the "adolescent" type of China's Danxia landform in the application of the World Natural Heritages with outstanding universal aesthetic and scientific value.

Key words: Fangyan of Zhejiang Province, Danxia landform, Fangyan Formation