地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (2): 153-166.doi: 10.11821/xb200902003

• 产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区产业结构演变的城市化响应机理与调控

刘艳军, 李诚固   

  1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 长春130024
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-11 修回日期:2008-10-04 出版日期:2009-02-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:刘艳军(1981-), 男, 吉林镇赉人, 博士生, 主要从事城市地理、城市规划研究, 发表学术论文20 余篇。E-mail: liuyj323@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471040; 40141004)

Regulation Model and Mechanism of Urbanization Response to the Industrial Structure Evolvement in Northeast China

LIU Yan-jun, LI Cheng-gu   

  1. School of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
  • Received:2008-03-11 Revised:2008-10-04 Online:2009-02-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.40471040; No.40141004

摘要:

首先提出了产业结构演变城市化响应的概念, 通过分析1953-2005 年东北地区产业结构演变城市化响应的过程与偏差, 构建产业结构演变的城市化响应强度系数模型、产业结构 演变的城市化响应机理模型, 探讨东北地区产业结构演变的城市化响应形态及空间效应, 并划分产业结构演变城市化响应的地域类型。研究表明: 1953-2005 年东北地区城市化水平与产 业结构变动整体呈波动性变化, 城市化与非农产业发展存在一定的偏差; 东北地区产业结构 演变的城市化响应系数不断增大, 表明城市化对产业结构演变的响应强度在不断增大, 产业结构演变城市化响应强度具有空间差异性; 城市经济密度提高、城市人口密度和规模的扩大以及区域人口数量的增长是东北地区产业结构变化的主要动力因素; 东北地区产业结构演变的城市化响应形态包括各类开发区、都市经济区、城市产业整合体、交通经济带、资源型城市和口岸型城市等, 各类形态的发育对产业结构演变发挥了重要的空间效应; 东北地区可以 划分为大城市地域、资源—加工地域、传统农业地域、边境口岸地域、生态环境脆弱地域五种地域类型, 产业结构优化与城市空间的整合、协调是各地域类型的主要调控模式。

关键词: 产业结构演变, 城市化, 响应机理, 地域类型, 东北地区

Abstract:

This article proposed the concept of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement firstly, through analyzing the process and the deviation of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement in Northeast China during 1953-2005, established the intensity coefficient model and mechanism model of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement, studied the spatial effect and the form of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement, and also divided the regional types of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement. The results show that urbanization level and industrial structure evolvement present fluctuating changes from 1953 to 2005 as a whole. There are certain deviations between urbanization and non-agricultural industrial development. The fact that the coefficient of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement in Northeast China increases constantly indicated that the urbanization response intensity which led to the industrial structure evolvement is increasing unceasingly, the intensity of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement has spatial difference; the improvement of urban economic density, the enlargement of urban population density and scale as well as quantitative growth of regional population are prime dynamic factors of industrial structure transformation in Northeast China; the form of urbanization response to the industrial structure evolvement in Northeast China includes all kinds of development areas, urban economic region, traffic economic belt, resource-based city and port city and so on, each kind of form's growth has exerted the important spatial effect to the industrial structure evolvement; the Northeast area can be divided into metropolitan region, resource processing urban region, traditional urban agricultural region, frontier urban port region, fragile urban ecological environment region, industrial optimization and urban space's conformity and harmony are the main regulation models of each regional type.

Key words: industrial structure evolvement, urbanization, response mechanism, regional type, Northeast China