地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (2): 142-152.doi: 10.11821/xb200902002

• 产业发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

制造业企业区位选择与南京城市空间重构

吕卫国1, 陈雯2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-11 修回日期:2008-12-13 出版日期:2009-02-25 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:吕卫国(1976-), 男, 江苏溧阳人, 博士研究生, 主要从事城市与区域发展、产业区位等研究。E-mail: wglu@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-YW-321, KZCY2-YW-339); 国家自然科学基金项目(40771053)

Manufacturing Industry Enterprises Location Choice and the Urban Spatial Restructuring in Nanjing

LU Weiguo1, CHEN Wen2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2008-08-11 Revised:2008-12-13 Online:2009-02-25 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Program of CAS , No.KZCX2-YW-321 , No.KZCY2-YW-339 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771053

摘要:

企业区位选择研究是从微观角度理解城市结构变动的重要视角, 本文构造了一个制造业区位选择作用于城市空间重构的理论框架, 并以南京为例进行了实证研究。在理论框架的 基础上, 首先采用计量模型检验了制造业企业郊区化扩散和重新集聚一系列影响要素, 其次 从要素空间分布及集聚经济的角度分析制造业的扩散和集聚的微观行为对城市空间重构的作用机制。研究发现, 由于土地有偿使用、城市外围交通改善、政府“退二进三” 的规划管理、城市开发区建设等因素的作用, 南京制造业明显的郊区化扩散和集聚, 对南京城市的郊区化 和空间重构具有显著影响。研究还发现, 污染密集型制造业较其他制造业具有更加强烈的郊区化趋势, 这对提升城市功能和改善城市环境具有重要意义。

关键词: 企业区位选择, 泊松回归模型, 城市空间重构, 制造业, 南京

Abstract:

The intra-urban location behavior of mamufacturing industry is one of the key driving forces for urban restructuring. Most of the studies have focused on the factors affecting the enterprises location choice. Unlike the existing literature, this study highlights the spatial effect of enterprises location choice on the urban restructuring. Based on the establishment of an analytic framework, this paper discusses the relationship between manufacturing industry enterprises location choice and the urban spatial restructuring in Nanjing. Firstly, this paper analyses a kind of factors impacting on manufacturing industry spatial diffusion and re-agglomeration in Nanjing with the Poisson and negative binomial models. Then, from the perspective of elements spatial distribution and agglomeration economies, the mechanism that the mamufacturing industry enterprises location choice impacts on the urban restructuring is investigated. It is found that factors such as compensation for the use of land, improvement of traffic outside the city, government planning and management aiming at optimizing urban spatial structure, and development zones are the key ones for manufacturing industry spatial diffusing and re-agglomeration, which may make the Nanjing city suburbanization and polycentricity. This paper also finds the pollution intensive manufacturing industry enterprises exhibit more intensive suburbanization, which is significant to the improvement of environment and function of the city.

Key words: enterprises location choice, Poisson analysis, urban restructuring, manufacturing industry, Nanjing