地理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (1): 53-58.doi: 10.11821/xb200901006

• 环境变迁 • 上一篇    下一篇

中全新世甘青地区古文化变迁的环境驱动

侯光良1,2, 刘峰贵1,2, 刘翠华1, 方修绮1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京100875;
    2. 青海师范大学生命与地理科学学院,西宁810008
  • 收稿日期:2008-06-23 修回日期:2008-11-15 出版日期:2009-01-25 发布日期:2009-01-25
  • 作者简介:侯光良(1972-),男,博士,主要从事环境演变研究。E-mail: hgl20@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771211)

Prehistorical Cultural Transition Forced by Environmental Change in Mid-Holocene in Gansu-Qinghai Region

HOU Guangliang1,2, LIU Fenggui1,2, LIU Cuihua1, FANG Xiuqi1   

  1. 1. School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China;
    2. School of Life and Geographic Science,Qinghai Normal University,Xining 810008,China
  • Received:2008-06-23 Revised:2008-11-15 Online:2009-01-25 Published:2009-01-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771211

摘要:

根据孢粉、古土壤和考古资料, 结合甘肃、青海地区的地形特征, 发现4 ka BP 前气候温暖湿润, 马家窑文化分布在黄河及其支流的森林草原河谷地区, 东界在六盘山, 向北则向河西走廊延伸, 且主要从事种植业。4 ka BP 后, 由于气候环境的恶化, 自然带向东迁移, 生存环境演替为温带草原, 齐家文化替代了马家窑文化。为适应自然环境的变化, 甘肃、青海地区人类文化遗址也向东南低海拔地区转移, 且产业结构中畜牧业比重显著增加。

关键词: 甘青地区, 环境演变, 古文化, 全新世

Abstract:

Based on pollen, paleosol, archaeology materials and terrain features in Gansu-Qinghai Region, this paper reveals that climate was warm and humid at 4 ka BP, culture of Majiayao was distributed over forest-steppe valley region around the Yellow River and its branches. The Liupan Mountain was the eastern boundary of culture of Majiayao, which extended northward to Hexi Corridor and was mainly engaged in planting industry. Around 4 ka BP, environment went worse, and natural zones moved eastward. Meanwhile, culture of Qijia replaced that of Majiayao, and the survival environment shifted to temperate steppe. In order to respond and be adapted to the environmental changes, cultural relics moved southeastward back to low elevation regions, and the proportion of animal husbandry in industrial structure increased obviously.

Key words: Gansu-Qinghai Region, environmental evolution, paleoculture, Holocene