地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (5): 544-552.doi: 10.11821/xb200805010

• 沉积环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山东部冰川积雪中大气粉尘的沉积特征

董志文1, 李忠勤1,2, 王飞腾1, 张明军2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/ 天山冰川站, 兰州730000;
    2. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 兰州730070
  • 收稿日期:2007-09-06 修回日期:2008-01-05 出版日期:2008-05-26 发布日期:2010-08-03
  • 作者简介:董志文(1984-), 男, 甘肃甘谷人, 硕士研究生, 2006 年毕业于西北师范大学地理系。研究方向为冰川与全球 环境变化。E-mail: happyabear@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(2007CB411501);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-127); 国 家自然科学基金项目(40631001; 40571033; 40701034; 40371028; J0630966); 国家基金委创新群体项目 (40121101) 资助

Characteristics of Modern Atmospheric Dust Deposition in Snow on the Glaciers of East Tianshan Mountains, China

DONG Zhiwen1, LI Zhongqin1,2, WANG Feiteng1, ZHANG Mingjun2   

  1. 1. The State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences/Tianshan Glaciological Station, Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2007-09-06 Revised:2008-01-05 Online:2008-05-26 Published:2010-08-03
  • Supported by:

    National Key Project for Basic Research of China, No 2007CB411501 ; Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX2-YW-127; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40631001, No.40571033; No.40701034; No.40371028; No.J0630966; The Project for Outstanding Young Scientists of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40121101

摘要:

对我国天山东部三个研究点乌鲁木齐河源1 号冰川、奎屯哈希勒根51 号冰川和哈密庙尔沟平顶冰川积雪中大气粉尘沉积进行了分析研究。微粒特征分析表明, 自西向东随着研究 点地理环境的变化, 积雪中不溶微粒的质量浓度、沉积通量和体积粒径分布众数都表现出增 高趋势: 奎屯哈希勒根51 号冰川最小, 乌鲁木齐河源1 号冰川次之, 哈密庙尔沟平顶冰川最大; 三个研究点粒径0.57 < d < 26 μm 微粒的平均质量浓度分别是969 μg/kg、1442 μg/kg、3690 μg/kg, 年均沉积通量分别是58.2 %g/cm2、72.1 μg/cm2、73.8 μg/cm2。表明, 哈密冰川受粉尘源影响较大, 而乌鲁木齐河源与奎屯河源区受影响则相对较小。雪坑微粒浓度剖面和 离子相关性分析表明, 天山东部冰川积雪中污化层富含亚洲粉尘的富Ca2+ 、Na+ 矿物; 微粒 体积—粒径分布众数介于3~22 μm, 粒径分布显示了单结构模式。研究区最近4 年积雪的污化层剖面揭示了春季零星的粉尘浓度峰值以及沉积数量上较大的年际变化, 意味着天山东部 雪冰中粉尘沉积对大气环境变化的敏感性。

关键词: 天山东部, 冰川积雪, 大气粉尘, 沉积特征

Abstract:

Deposition of atmospheric dust was measured in snow deposited on Glacier No.1 at the headwater of Urumqi River, Haxilegen Glacier No.51 in Kuitun and Miaoergou Glaicer in Hami in East Tianshan Mountains, western China. An analysis of horizontal distribution of dust layers, snow height and concentration of dust in the snow cover suggests that deposition of dust in East Tianshan Mountains is different from each other. The characteristics of modern atmospheric dust deposition in snow is different among three research points in East Tianshan Mountains , as the environment changes from west to east. Mean mass concentration of microparticles with 0.57 < d < 26 μm in the snowpack is 969 μg/kg, 1442 μg/kg and 3690 μg/kg in three study sites, respectively. Dust flux to East Tianshan Mountains has a range of 58.2-73.8 μgcm-2a-1 for particles with 0.57 < d < 26 μm. Dust layers in the snow cover contain Ca-rich materials typically found in Asian dust particles. Vertical profile of Na+ concentration in the snowpack is also very similar with duat's. Volume size distributions of dust particles in the snow showed single-modal structures having volume median diameters from 3-22 μm. Dust profiles in snow cover over the last 4 years reveal frequent sporadic high dust concentrations and large year-to-year variations in the amount deposited, implying that dust deposition in East Tianshan Mountains is very sensitive to atmospheric environmental change.

Key words: atmospheric dust, glacier, snow, characteristics, East Tianshan Mountains