地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (4): 417-427.doi: 10.11821/xb200804006

• 旅游与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

1992- 2005 年中国旅游业全要素生产率及省际差异

左冰1,2, 保继刚1   

  1. 1. 中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心, 广州510275;
    2. 云南财经大学旅游学院, 昆明650221
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-27 修回日期:2007-11-26 出版日期:2008-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 通讯作者: 保继刚, E-mail: eesbjg@ mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eesbjg@ mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:左冰(1973-), 女, 四川宜宾人, 博士生, 副教授, 主要从事旅游经济分析、旅游经济管理理论、区域发展与 旅游规划研究, E-mail: zuobing1214@126.com。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471032)

ZUO Bing1,2, BAO Jigang1   

  • Received:2007-06-27 Revised:2007-11-26 Online:2008-04-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471032

关键词: null

Abstract:

Total factor productivity is a basic index reflecting the quality of economic growth and the rate of technical progress in a country or a region. Adopting the Solow's Residual Method and the C-D production function, this paper estimates tourism total factor productivity (TTFP) growth rates and identifies sources of tourism economic growth for the period from 1992 to 2005 in China and its 30 provinces (municipalities or regions) except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan). Based on it, this paper analyzes the causality between TTFP and tourism economic growth, then classifies the tourism growth patterns of 30 provinces into five categories according to the contribution of TTFP to tourism economic growth, and finally discusses the divergence of TTFPs and tourism economic growth rates among 30 provinces. The main conclusions are as follows. (1) The Chinese tourism industry belongs to an obvious factor-driven economy with cheap labor forces contributed 63.69% to the total economic growth. (2) The average growth rate of TTFP is slightly positive by 2.91% during the sample period thanks to the effect of tourism education, encouraging policy, and better information provision, but may be hampered by the inadequate infrastructure investment and investment inefficiency. (3) Tourism technical progress is a sufficient but not a necessary condition for tourism growth, and the improvement of tourism technical progress is irrelevant to region's economic level, nor to its geographic location due to the enclave tourism model and the special trait of tourism that tourist attractions are "fixed" in geographic location. (4) There is obvious and ever enlarging divergence among provinces in tourism growth pattern and TTFP growth rate. If it continues, the provincial tourism developing level will be even more unbalanced in the future. But it will be helpful for the laggards to obtain higher TTFP growth rate by enhancing the public services system.

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