地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (3): 270-279.doi: 10.11821/xb200803005

• 地貌与第四纪 • 上一篇    下一篇

雁荡山流纹岩地貌景观特征及其形成发育规律

胡小猛1, 许红根2, 陈美君2, 李怡1, 王杜涛1, 陈敏1   

  1. 1. 上海师范大学旅游学院地理系, 上海200234;
    2. 浙江省地质调查院, 杭州311203
  • 收稿日期:2007-09-11 修回日期:2007-12-02 出版日期:2008-03-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:胡小猛(1965-), 博士, 副教授. 研究方向: 地貌与第四纪地质学. E-mail: hxm@shnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目资助(40671018);上海市教委“地理学与城市环境及旅游资源与文化发展”重点学 科项目资助(J50402)。

The Rhyolite Landforms and Development Law in Yandang Mt.

HU Xiaomeng1, XU Honggen2, CHEN Meijun2, LI Yi1, WANG Dutao1, CHEN Min1   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, College of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China;
    2. Zhejiang Institute of Geological Survey, Hangzhou 311203, China
  • Received:2007-09-11 Revised:2007-12-02 Online:2008-03-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40671018;Foundation for the key subject-Geography, Urban Environment, Tourism resource and Culture development by Shanghai Education Committee, No.J50402

摘要:

流纹岩地貌有其独有的特色和发育规律。本文根据大量的实地调查数据, 对雁荡山流 纹岩地貌景观进行了类型、空间分布规律和时间发育规律的分析研究。研究结果表明: 区域 流纹岩地貌景观可分为2 个大类, 6 个亚类, 16 个类型单元; 受区域断裂构造的控制, 区内 沟谷和岩嶂在平面上的发育延伸主要沿NE、NW 和EW 三个方向; 在新构造运动和岩性差异 的控制下, 区内峰、嶂、瀑在垂向上的分布具有分带性; 区域现代地貌的发育肇始于晚第三 纪区域一级夷平面的分裂解体, 自此以后的区内地貌演化经历了四个不同发育阶段, 每个阶 段的地貌景观组合各具特色。

关键词: 雁荡山, 流纹岩地貌, 地貌类型, 地貌发育规律

Abstract:

The features and the development law of rhyolite landforms are unique. Based on the survey and analysis data, the paper has analyzed the types, the distribution and the development of the rhyolite landforms in Yandang Mt. The study results show that the landforms in this region can be divided into two types, six sub-types and sixteen type units. The peaks, cliffs and waterfalls are all distributed vertically at different heights, and the valleys and line-cliffs extend along the faults with strikes of NE, NW and EW horizontally. The development of the landforms in the region has experienced four stages in which there developed different kinds of landforms. The study in the paper can contribute to the building of this World Geopark and flourish the local tourism.

Key words: Yandang Mt., rhyolite landform, landform types, development of landforms