地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (2): 175-184.doi: 10.11821/xb200802007

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京高新技术产业区土地利用绩效综合评价

班茂盛1,2, 方创琳2, 刘晓丽2   

  1. 1. 浙江大学中国西部发展研究院, 杭州310028;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2007-04-25 修回日期:2007-09-04 出版日期:2008-02-25 发布日期:2008-02-25
  • 作者简介:班茂盛(1970-), 男, 副教授, 在职博士生, 近年来主要从事城市与区域规划等方面的研究。 E-mail: banms.05b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40335049); 国家自然科学基金项目(40471059)

Comprehensive Evaluation of Land Use Performance of Beijing High- tech Industrial Zone

BAN Maosheng1,2, FANG Chuanglin2, LIU Xiaoli2, QIAO Biao2   

  1. 1. China Academy of West Region Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2007-04-25 Revised:2007-09-04 Online:2008-02-25 Published:2008-02-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40335049; No.40471059

摘要:

高新技术产业区是建设创新型城市的重要载体, 在实施国家自主创新战略中具有重要 作用。针对高新技术产业区土地利用评价中存在的问题, 引入了土地利用绩效的概念, 构建 了包括土地效益、土地利用效率和创新功能三个维度的高新技术产业区土地利用绩效理论模 型, 以这一模型为理论基础建立了由3 个二级指标, 8 个三级指标, 37 个四级指标组成的高 新技术产业区土地利用绩效综合评价指标体系, 同时以土地利用绩效概念模型为理论基础, 构造了与土地利用绩效指标体系相匹配的矢量评价模型。在此基础上, 以北京市高新技术产 业区中5 个不同类型的园区为例做了综合评价, 评价结果显示, 清华科技园、上地信息产业 基地以及中关村西区的土地利用绩效指数较高, 中关村软件园和永丰基地的土地利用绩效指 数较低。通过与其他评价模型的对比验证, 本文构造的评价模型对高新技术产业区创新能力 指数的变化更为敏感。

关键词: 高新技术产业区, 土地利用, 绩效, 北京

Abstract:

High-tech industrial district is an important carrier for constructing innovative cities. It also plays an important role in implementing national independent innovative strategy. However, most of the high-tech industrial districts face many problems in their developing process, such as low efficiency of land use, weakness in innovative ability, lack of intensive land utilization. To solve these problems, this paper introduces the concept of land use performance and establishes a theoretical model to assess the land use performance of high-tech industrial districts. The model consists of the following three-dimensional parts: land use benefit, land use efficiency, and innovative function. Based on this theoretical model, an index system composing of the three secondary indictors, eight tertiary indictors and 37 fourth grade indictors was set up to evaluate the land use performance of high-tech zone. In order to avoid the defects of plus model and function model, a three-dimensional evaluation model is developed to examine the index of the land use performance of the high-tech industrial parks, which equals the evaluation indicator system of land use performance of high-tech zone based on the above research. The land use performance of five different high-tech industrial parks in Beijing high-tech industrial zone is examined. The results indicated that the indicator system performs better in the aspect of evaluating land use benefit, land use efficiency, and function of the high-tech industrial district compared to other models.

Key words: high-tech industrial zone, land use, performance, Beijing city