地理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (1): 65-74.doi: 10.11821/xb200801007

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山北麓河流阶地序列及形成年代

吕红华1, 李有利1, 南峰2, 司苏沛1, 刘运明1, 钱蟒1, 赵洪壮1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京100871;
    2. 高等教育出版社, 北京100029
  • 收稿日期:2007-05-15 修回日期:2007-09-29 出版日期:2008-01-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:吕红华(1978-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事构造地貌、环境演变及沉积地质等研究。 E-mail: lvhh2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571013)

Sequences and Ages of Fluvial Terracesalong the Northern Piedmont of the Tianshan Mountains

LU Honghua1, LI Youli1, NAN Feng2, SI Supei1, LIU Yunming1, QIAN Mang1, ZHAO Hongzhuang1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sceience, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Higher Education Press, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2007-05-15 Revised:2007-09-29 Online:2008-01-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571013

摘要:

天山北麓河流阶地序列及其年代一直是悬而未决的问题。根据详细的野外工作, 确定天山北麓发育7 级河流阶地, 其中T7、T6、T5 及T2 等主要阶地为河流切割先期冲积扇而形 成, 与4 级阶地对应的4 期冲积扇分别为F1、F2、F3 与F4。由于天山北麓构造隆升向盆地方 向迁移, 冲积扇呈串珠状发育, 背斜带间发育的冲积扇平面形态则由于南北背斜的限制而变 得不规则。基于黄土—古土壤序列对比分析、ESR 与OSL 测年以及前人研究成果, 确定天山 北麓河流下切形成T7、T6、T5 及T2 等阶地的时间分别为约0.54 Ma BP、0.3~0.2 Ma BP、 28~8 ka BP 和全新世早期。阶地年代表明, 天山北麓3 级主要阶地T7、T6、T5 及对应冲积扇 发育与天山更新世3 个冰期间冰期旋回基本对应。

关键词: 河流阶地, 冲积扇, ESR, 黄土—古土壤地层序列, 天山

Abstract:

The northern piedmont of the Tianshan Mountains, which is characterized by three parallel ridges of anticlines, known as Fold-and-Thrust zones I-III from the mountains towards the foreland basin, and north-flowing rivers, is a typical region containing many scientific problems attracting a lot of geologists and geographers. Under the special geological setting, the terraces developing along these rivers contain a lot of information on climatic changes and tectonic movement. However, previous studies on fluvial terraces in the northern piedmont of the Tianshan Mountains are still divergent. This work tries to solve the problem and well understand the sequences and ages of fluvial terraces along the northern piedmont of the Tianshan Mountains. The seven fluvial terraces named as T1 to T7 developed along major river channels in the northern piedmont of the Tianshan Mountains, and some main and consecutive terraces correspond to some fans. The fans corresponding to T7, T6, T5 and T2 are respectively named as F1, F2, F3 and F4. Because the center of the upheaval migrated from south to north in the process, some fans developed one by one. But the limit of the anticlines leads to the anomalistic shape of some fans between two anticlines. According to the ESR age, OSL age, and loess-paleosol series, the highest terrace (T7), corresponding to the oldest alluvial fan (F1) which is covered by thick loess and strongly dissected, is dated as 0.54 Ma BP. The higher terrace (T6) corresponds to F2, and the surface of T6 and F2 is also covered by thick loess and dissected by gullies, some of which were abandoned. The age of T6 is estimated as 0.3-0.2 Ma on the basis of the ESR age and loess-paleosol series.

Key words: fluvial terrace, alluvial fan, ESR, loess-paleosol series, the Tianshan Mountains