地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (10): 1083-1096.doi: 10.11821/xb200710008

• 人文地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市居民购物行为空间结构演变

冯健1, 陈秀欣2, 兰宗敏1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与区域规划系, 北京100871;
    2. 北京大学政府管理学院, 北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2006-11-16 修回日期:2007-08-15 出版日期:2007-10-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:冯健(1975-), 男, 副教授, 博士。主要从事城市社会地理和城镇化研究, 在中英文刊物上发表论文50 余篇, 出版专著2 部。E-mail: fengjian@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40501023)

The Evolution of Spatial Structure of Shopping Behaviors of Beijing's Residents

FENG Jian1, CHEN Xiuxin2, LAN Zongmin1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2006-11-16 Revised:2007-08-15 Online:2007-10-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40501023

摘要:

从消费者行为活动切入是研究城市商业空间结构的重要视角。在问卷调查的基础上, 分析10 年来基于认知距离的北京市居民购物行为空间结构的演变特征及其影响机制。结果表明: 北京市居民购物的平均出行距离整体上有缩短趋势; 居民不同类型商品购物出行空间结构的演变和购物地点的演变都呈现出不同的特点; 10 年来北京近郊区居民购物出行空间的等级有明显下降趋势, 中心城区居民则变化不大。上述演变特征均反映出北京商业发展的离心化和多中心化趋势: 居住地附近的低等级商品购物行为逐渐增多, 区域性购物中心、大型超市以及家电卖场对高等级商品购物产生巨大吸引力。影响北京市居民购物行为空间结构演变的因素可以归结为宏观环境变化和购物供给方变化(外生因素) 以及购物需求方变化(内生因 素) 3 个方面, 它们互相影响、互相作用并形成综合性机制模式, 有效推动了北京市居民购物行为空间结构的演变。

关键词: 购物行为, 城市空间结构, 等级结构, 郊区化, 多中心性, 北京

Abstract:

It is of great importance to analyze urban commercial spatial structure from the viewpoint of consumers' behavior. During the latest ten years, with the development of suburbanization, the spatial structure of urban commerce in Beijing has greatly changed. Under this background, Beijing residents' shopping behavior has greatly changed. Based on more than five hundred questionnaires, the authors try to analyze the features of the evolution of spatial structure of shopping behaviors of Beijing's residents in the latest 10 years and their mechanisms. The average distance of residents' shopping trip was shortened in Beijing in the latest 10 years. The change of the spatial structure of shopping behavior of each kind of goods differs from each other. So does that of the shopping sites of each kind of goods in Beijing. The change of the hierarchical structure of shopping behaviors of Beijing's residents is also very interesting, for the hierarchical structure of the inner suburban residents descended while that of the core residents had little change. In a word, the features of the changes of the spatial structure and hierarchical structure all reflect the tendency of decentralization and polycentric urbanization of the development of Beijing's commerce. It should be pointed out that Beijing's residents tend to buy goods of low hierarchy near where they live, such as vegetables and the daily use articles, while they tend to buy goods of high hierarchy in shopping malls, large supermarkets and shopping centers for electric equipments, for these places are more attractive. The change of macroscopic environment, that of shopping suppliers and that of consumers are all significant factors propelling the evolution of the spatial structure of Beijing residents' shopping behaviors. Based on these factors, the authors put forward a theoretical frame of the mechanisms of the evolution of urban commercial spatial structure.

Key words: hierarchical structure, suburbanization, polycentricity, Beijing, shopping behavior, urban spatial structure