地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (10): 1041-1050.doi: 10.11821/xb200710004

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域经济可持续发展趋势及空间分布特征

张健, 濮励杰, 陈逸, 彭补拙   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京210093
  • 收稿日期:2007-01-16 修回日期:2007-06-20 出版日期:2007-10-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:张健(1981-), 男, 安徽滁州人, 博士研究生, 中国地理学会会员。主要从事区域规划等领域研究。 E-mail: jchangnju@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40371106、70341021); 江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2005080); 滁州市土地利用总 体规划前期修编项目

Sustainability Status and Tr ends of Regional Economic Development and Their Spatial Distr ibution

ZHANG Jian, PU Lijie, CHEN Yi, PENG Buzhuo   

  1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2007-01-16 Revised:2007-06-20 Online:2007-10-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371106, 70341021; Provincial Natural Foundation of Jiangsu, No. BK2005080; Preliminary Revision of Chuzhou's Land Use Master Planning

摘要:

根据区域经济发展、资源—能源消耗及环境污染的相互关系, 结合生态学表现, 基于三角模型工具及经济可持续发展定义, 分析评估区域经济可持续发展状况和长期趋势。对滁 州市1975-2005 年经济可持续利用进行系统研究, 不仅对研究区经济发展现状存在问题的解决具有实用价值, 而且对区域经济的可持续利用研究具有方法论意义。结果显示2005 年研究区域经济发展处于一般可持续性状态, 且区域内七个行政子单元可持续发展形势介于弱可持续性到一般可持续性状态, 东南部可持续性状况优于西北部。1975-1998 年, 滁州市经济发展表现为一般可持续发展趋势, 而1998-2005 年凸现为相对很强可持续发展趋势, 这些状况和趋势与近30 年间滁州市在环境保护方面的不懈努力有一定关系。

关键词: 经济发展, 可持续性, 生态表现, 三角模型, 定性评估, 滁州市

Abstract:

The triangle method, as an intuitive platform for illustrating sustainability status and trends in economic development, seems to hold promise as an analytical management tool given its simplicity, ease of use, and flexibility. The triangle model can serve as an intuitive platform for illustrating existing sustainability status and trends in economic development coincident with the implementation of various measures. The intuitive aspect of the model makes it easy to understand and use by researchers and policy-makers from many different levels. The method's flexibility in the selection of individual indicators and basic analytical units, its ease of understanding and use by experts and managers, and its simplicity in calculating and presenting status or trends of sustainability would seem to offer the potential for widespread use. Based on the interrelationships among economic development, resource-energy consumption, and environmental pollution, in conjunction with ecological performance and the triangle method, a definition for sustainable economic development was proposed, and a novel triangle method was designed to evaluate economic development sustainability. Chuzhou City is located at the middle east of China and lies in the middle zone among the country's three major zones of the eastern zone, middle zone and western zone. It is adjacent to the economically developed Yangtze Triangle Region. It had a total population of 435.62 ×104 in 2005. It covers a total area of 135.23 ×104 hm2 with four counties, two cities and two districts under its administration. Because Chuzhou City is located between the economically developed eastern coastal areas and economically backward western areas , the study of economic development is of typical to a certain extent. As a case study, the triangle method was applied to assess the sustainability status and long-term trends of Chuzhou's economic development. The results show that economic development in 2005 represents a relatively commonly state of sustainability, and the seven political regions in Chuzhou City reflect sustainability positions ranging from weakly sustainable to commonly sustainable. The sustainability in the southeast is better than in the northwest. The Chuzhou's economic development between 1975 and 1998 reveals a common sustainable trend, while that from 1998 to 2005 demonstrates a relatively strong sustainable trend. Chuzhou's unremitting efforts in environmental protection and in the increasing integration of environmental considerations within the economic development process over the last three decades are contributory to these status and trends.

Key words: economic development, sustainability, ecological performance, triangle model, quantitative evaluation, Chuzhou City