地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (6): 599-608.doi: 10.11821/xb200706005

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

九寨沟自然观光地旅游者地方感特征分析

唐文跃1,2, 张捷1, 罗浩1, 杨效忠1,3, 李东和1,4   

  1. 1. 南京大学国土资源与旅游学系, 南京210093;
    2. 江西财经大学旅游学院, 南昌330013;
    3. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 芜湖241000;
    4. 安徽大学旅游管理系, 合肥230039
  • 收稿日期:2006-12-04 修回日期:2007-02-26 出版日期:2007-06-25 发布日期:2007-06-25
  • 作者简介:唐文跃(1973-), 男, 江西安远人, 博士研究生, 讲师, 主要从事旅游地理与旅游规划研究。 E-mail: twy@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40371030)

The Characteristics of Natur al Scenery Sightseers' Sense of Place: A Case Study of Jiuzhaigou,Sichuan

TANG Wenyue1,2, ZHANG Jie1, LUO Hao1, YANG Xiaozhong1,3, LI Donghe1,4   

  1. 1. Department of Land Resources and Tourism Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. School of Tourism Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China;
    3. College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China;
    4. Department of Tourism Management, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China
  • Received:2006-12-04 Revised:2007-02-26 Online:2007-06-25 Published:2007-06-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China. No.40371030

摘要:

地方感是人文主义地理学“人—地”关系研究中的重要内容。旅游是人们感知和认识环境的重要途径和方式, 旅游者地方感是旅游者与旅游地环境相互作用的结果。通过构建旅游者地方感模型, 以九寨沟为案例研究发现, ① 九寨沟旅游者的地方感在自然风景维度、社会人文维度、旅游功能维度和情感依恋维度等四个维度上存在一定差异; ② 九寨沟的自然风景与环境得到了旅游者较高的感知评价和普遍认同, 是旅游者对九寨沟产生情感依恋的主要因素; ③ 旅游者对九寨沟的社会人文环境的感知评价相对较低, 并影响到对九寨沟旅游环境与功能的感知评价; ④ 旅游者赋予九寨沟更多的是自然观光的意义和审美价值, 九寨沟蕴涵 的民俗文化体验的意义和历史价值并未能被旅游者所充分感知和认识, “藏族村寨”的地方特质没有得到旅游者的足够认同; ⑤ 不同类型旅游者之间的感知评价差异集中在九寨沟的藏 族风情、地方文化、旅游服务、游览秩序和旅游氛围等方面。旅游者地方感研究为自然资源和旅游地规划与管理提供了依据, 具有一定的现实指导和借鉴意义。

关键词: 自然观光地, 旅游者, 地方感, 四川九寨沟

Abstract:

Sense of place is an important research field of humanistic geography in man-land relationship research. Travel and sightseeing is a significant way of perceiving and understanding environments and tourist's sense of place is the outcome of interaction between tourist and destination environment. By constructing model of tourist's sense of place, a case study of Jiuzhaigou shows that (1) differences exist among four dimensions of tourist's sense of place, namely natural scenery, social cultural setting, tourism function, and affectional attachment; (2) natural scenery of Jiuzhaigou is valued unanimously by tourists, which is the primary cause of tourists' affectional attachment to Jiuzhaigou; (3) social cultural settings of Jiuzhaigou is low-valued relatively, which affects tourists' experiential evaluation of tourism environment and function; (4) tourists endow Jiuzhaigou with more meanings of natural scenery sightseeing and aesthetic value than meanings of folk-custom culture experience and historical value, the place particularity of "Tibetan village" is not identified enough by tourists; and (5) significant differences of perception and experiential evaluation occur in Tibetan social customs, local culture, tourism service, sightseeing order and atmosphere. Its implication in planning and management of natural resources and tourist destination is also discussed.

Key words: natural scenery sightseeing place, tourist, sense of place, Jiuzhaigou