地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (4): 339-350.doi: 10.11821/xb200704001

• 区域发展 •    下一篇

我国主体功能区划的科学基础

樊杰   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2007-02-16 修回日期:2007-03-15 出版日期:2007-04-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:樊杰(1961-), 男, 博士, 研究员。主要从事中国区域发展问题研究。E-mail: fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40341008); 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目; 国家发展和改革委员会重大课题

The Scientific Foundation of Major Function Or iented Zoning in China

FAN Jie   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2007-02-16 Revised:2007-03-15 Online:2007-04-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40341008; Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS(Theory and Scheme of Major Function Oriented Zoning in China); Key Project of National Development and Reform Commission (Major Function Oriented Zoning and Its Support System Comprised of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System)

摘要:

主体功能区划是构筑我国有序区域发展格局的依据,对经济地理学理论和方法创新提出了紧迫的需求。在分析地域功能基本属性的基础上,首次提出了区域发展的空间均衡模型, 认为标识任何区域综合发展状态的人均水平值趋于大体相等。基于该结论,阐释了功能区形成应有利于实现空间均衡正向(差距缩小) 演变过程,空间均衡的前提是资源要素在区域间的合理流动。探讨了地域功能演替对空间均衡过程的影响,提出了区划方案效益最大化是同区域如何划分和对地域功能随时间变化的正确把握程度相关的。进而分析了主体功能区划的 “开发”与“保护”双重功能的复合、指标体系选择、时空属性相关问题的科学基础。探讨了通过立体流和立体空间均衡实现效率与公平并重目标的合理性。并从法律、规划和政策构成的空间管治制度安排层面,对主体功能区划的定位、实施和协调进行了讨论。

关键词: 空间规划, 区域政策, 地域功能, 主体功能区划, 区域发展, 空间均衡, 空间管治

Abstract:

Major function oriented zoning (MFOZ hereafter) is the guideline for optimizing the spatial pattern of regional development in China, which entails both theoretical and methodological innovation in the academic field of economic geography. This study analyzes the basic features of territorial function and puts forward a spatially equilibrium model for regional development. It argues that there exists a trend of regional convergence in almost any indicator measuring the average level of regional development status. Based on this finding, the study illustrates that the formation of functional zone should be conducive to the reduction of regional inequality and that free flow of resources across region is the prerequisite to spatial equilibrium. It also investigates the impact of territorial functional evolution on spatial processes of equilibrium and suggests that the benefit to be derived from zoning proposal is contingent upon the method of regional division and correct understanding of temporal change of territorial function. After that, this study goes to examine the scientific foundation of several issues concerning the reconciliation of contradictory functions of development and protection, the selection of indicators and the spatial and temporal features of MFOZ. It is then followed by an interrogation of the rationality of achieving dual goals of efficiency and equality simultaneously through three-dimensional flow and spatial equilibrium. The paper ends with a discussion of the position, implementation and coordination of MFOZ from the perspective of institutional arrangements of spatial governance including law, planning and government policy.

Key words: territorial function, MFOZ, regional development, spatial equilibrium, spatial governance, spatial planning, regional policy