地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (3): 243-256.doi: 10.11821/xb200703002

• 环境考古 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江三峡考古遗址文化断层研究

张芸1, 朱诚2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态学重点实验室, 北京100093;
    2. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 南京210093
  • 收稿日期:2006-11-17 修回日期:2006-12-15 出版日期:2007-03-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:张芸(1974-), 女, 博士, 主要从事环境演变和全球变化研究。E-mail: zhangygl@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重大项目(30590383; 90411015)

Culture Interruptions of Ar chaeological Sites in the Three Gorges Region of the Yangtze River

ZHANG Yun1, ZHU Cheng2   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, CAS, Beijing 100093, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2006-11-17 Revised:2006-12-15 Online:2007-03-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.30590383; No.90411015

摘要:

长江三峡考古遗址的地理位置、14C 测年数据及考古学文化年代、地面高程、文化层的连续性、文化层的埋深和厚度、文化断层的埋深和厚度等统计数据综合分析的结果表明长江三峡地区新石器时代到历史时期考古遗址沉积地层中有5 期文化断层: (1) 城背溪文化末期到大溪文化初期(7200~6000a BP); (2) 大溪文化关庙山类型三期(5800~5500a BP); (3) 夏代 (4000~3500a BP); (4) 春秋晚期至战国时期(2500~2200a BP); (5) 宋代以来(960A.D.以来)。探讨文化断层与灾变事件发生之间的关系, 从而揭示三峡地区史前和历史时期环境演变过程及其与人类活动的影响。

关键词: 长江三峡, 考古遗址, 文化断层, 灾变事件

Abstract:

Archaeological excavations over many years show that there are many culture interruptions among archaeological strata of many sites in the Yangtze River Basin. Therefore, the investigation of culture interruption is one of the important research fields dealing with the relationship between human and environment since Holocene. Based on some chronological data, archaeological cultures before the Qin and Han dynasties in the Three Gorges region can be divided into six cultural periods: Chengbeixi Culture (8200-6300 a BP) →Daxi Culture (6300-5000 a BP)→Qujialing Culture (5000-4600 a BP)→Baimiao and Weijialiangzi Culture (4600-4000 a BP) →Earlier Ba Culture coming from the western part of the Yangtze River Basin (4000-3000 a BP) and Chu Culture (3000 a BP-278 BC). By the comparison between archaeological stratigraphy, sediment characteristics of cultural layers and culture interruptions, the synthetical analysis of the distribution of sites, and references from other scholars, we can see that there are 5 culture interruptions in the Three Gorges region. They are from the last stage of Chengbeixi Culture to the initial stage of Daxi Culture(5800~5500 a BP)-Xia dynasty (4000~3500 a BP)-the last stage of Chunqiu and Zhanguo stage (2500~2200 a BP)-since the Song dynasty (since 960 A.D.) in the Three Gorges. The 5 cultural interruptions relate to catastrophic events during the prehistoric and historic period to a certain extent.

Key words: Three Gorges of Yangtze River, archaeological site, culture interruption, catastrophic events