地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (2): 147-156.doi: 10.11821/xb200702004

• 城市发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京亚奥地区居住环境设计与管理的经济利益

高晓路   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2006-10-09 修回日期:2006-12-08 出版日期:2007-02-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:高晓路(1969-), 研究员, 博士。主要研究方向包括:城市规划政策, 城市人居环境评价, 土地利用规划, 住宅 与房地产经济, GIS 与空间分析。E-mail: gaoxl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40671063); 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程所长基金项目; 教育部 留学回国人员科研启动基金资助项目

Incentives of Environmental Design and Management in Residential Areas of Beijing

GAO Xiaolu   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2006-10-09 Revised:2006-12-08 Online:2007-02-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40671063; Knowledge Innovation Project of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of CAS; The project sponsored by SRF for ROCS, SEM

摘要:

为了推动城市居住区环境设计与管理模式的创新, 为相关政策提供决策依据, 有必要定量地把握环境设计与管理所带来的经济价值, 以及伴随政策导入各种利益关系可能发生的变化。运用北京市亚奥地区居住小区的调查数据, 探讨了居住区环境设计与管理的主要影响因素以及与居住区环境政策密切相关的经济利益驱动机制问题。分析表明, 居住小区的规划设计、与周边住宅区的协调性, 以及物业管理是居住区环境品质中最关键的影响因素。同时, 分析定量地证明了居住区环境设计和管理的经济价值, 由此明确了在居住区实行环境设计和管理的潜在动机, 和改善环境设计与管理对提升地区价值所产生的效果。在以上分析的基础上, 提出了推进旧住宅区的物业管理体制改革、通过政策来诱导和推动地区的有机融合、在居住区规划设计和管理方面注重地区文脉、设定适宜的物业收费标准等建议。

关键词: 居住小区, 环境设计, 景观, 物业管理, 经济价值, 地域协调, 北京

Abstract:

To increase the quality of life in urban areas, new management systems facilitating the long-run improvement of residential environments are expected. This necessitates a good understanding of the benefits of environmental design and management, as well as the social effects of relevant policies. This paper addressed this issue by studying the incentives of environmental design and management with data of Beijing. Through detailed survey of neighborhoods, the critical factors of environmental design and management were explored, and then the economic effects of these factors on housing prices were investigated. In this way, the incentives of improving the design and management of residential environments were clarified. The results suggested that, planning and design, incompatibility with surrounding neighborhoods, and the property management of neighborhoods, are three critical factors influencing the quality of residential environments, and the environmental design and management of neighborhoods have significant economic values. These results implied that the introduction of environmental design and management system would effectively bring benefits to the neighborhoods. Based on analysis results, the appropriate range of property management fee is also proposed.

Key words: residential blocks, environmental design, landscape, property management, economic value, areal coordination, Beijing