地理学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (2): 127-136.doi: 10.11821/xb200702002

• 城市发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东省城市人口规模的职能效应分析

王茂军   

  1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京100037
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-22 修回日期:2006-12-01 出版日期:2007-02-25 发布日期:2010-08-04
  • 作者简介:王茂军(1973-), 山东费县人, 博士, 中国地理学会会员, 主要从事城市与城市体系研究。 E-mail: maojunw@yeah.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40335051); 国家自然科学基金项目(40601030)

The Effects of Urban Function on Population Growth in Shandong Province

WANG Maojun   

  1. College of Resources & Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2006-09-22 Revised:2006-12-01 Online:2007-02-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40335051; No.40601030

摘要:

从城市职能是城市人口规模扩张动力的观点出发, 利用经济基础理论模型, 在计算城市职能基本部分的基础上, 讨论了中心地职能、中枢管理职能、工业职能、门户职能对1982 年和2000 年山东省城市人口规模变动关系的时间变动, 有以下结论: 第一, 中心地职能/ 工业职能、中枢管理职能/ 工业职能分别是1982 年、2000 年城市人口规模差异的最为重要的职能因素。期间, 中心地职能的地位下降, 中枢管理职能的地位抬升, 工业职能一直具有举足轻重的地位。门户职能则在门户封启过程中, 通过加强或者削弱工业职能、中枢管理职能得以充分体现。第二, 工业职能和门户职能的增减变化是导致1982~2000 年城市人口规模变动的重要影响因素。伴随城市人口规模的增大, 工业职能扩张已经不再是城市人口增长的重要 驱动力, 门户职能与城市规模变动的正向关系体现了门户开放对城市人口增长的强力驱动。

关键词: 城市人口规模, 城市职能, 经济基础理论, 山东省

Abstract:

The urban function is the drive of urban population growth. Based on the calculation of the basic part of urban function, using the Economic Base Theory model, this paper discusses the relationship between Central Place Function, Management Function, Industrial Function, Gateway Function and temporal variation of urban population in Shandong Province in 1982 and 2000. The following conclusions are drawn. Firstly, Central Place Function/Industrial Function and Management Function/Industrial Function are the most important factors leading to the differences of urban population in 1982 and 2000 respectively. In the process of gateway opening (or closing), Gateway Function can enhance (or weaken) Industrial Function and Management Function. Secondly, the fluctuations of Industrial Function and Gateway Function are the important factors that influence the variation of urban population in 1982-2000. With the increase of urban population size, the expansion of Industrial Function can no longer be the impetus to the urban population growth. The positive correlation between Gateway Function and the variation of urban population reflects the strong drive brought by the gateway opening that makes population grow.

Key words: urban population, urban function, economic base theory, Shandong Province