地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (10): 1046-1056.doi: 10.11821/xb200610004

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型时期广州市社会区分析

周春山1, 刘洋2, 朱红3   

  1. 1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275;
    2. 广东省城乡规划设计研究院,广州510045;
    3. 中山大学信息与网络中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2006-02-10 修回日期:2006-05-20 出版日期:2006-10-25 发布日期:2010-09-01
  • 作者简介:周春山 (1964-), 男, 河南人, 教授、博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员, 主要从事城市地理、城市内部空间结构、城市与区域规划等方面的研究。E-mail: zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40171035; 49771034)

Analysis on Social Areas of Guangzhou City during the Economic System Transformation

ZHOU Chunshan1, LIU Yang2, ZHU Hong3   

  1. 1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. The Institute of Urban and Rural Planning and Design of Guangdong, Guangzhou 510045, China;
    3. Center for Information and Network, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2006-02-10 Revised:2006-05-20 Online:2006-10-25 Published:2010-09-01
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40171035; No.49771034

摘要:

运用主成分分析和聚类分析方法对广州2000年第五次人口普查的200个反映社会空间结构的变量进行分析,提取出影响广州市社会空间结构的5个主因子,据此将广州市划分为7类社会区。与1985年的广州社会区研究对比,归纳出基于老城区发展的、基于工业和教育飞地发展的、基于农村社会区发展的社会区演变的三种模式,从转型期制度与政策变化、历史因素、政府对城市管理与调控等方面分析了社会区分异的机制,总结了转型期中国大城市的社会空间结构模型,比较了中西方社会区结构的差异,并从职业分异、家庭生命周期、外来人口等方面对广州未来社会区的演变做了分析。

关键词: 经济转型, 社会空间结构, 社会区分异, 广州

Abstract:

This paper firstly analyzes Guangzhou social area structure in 2000, and then compares the results with the structures in 1985. Its purpose is to study the social area change law of Guangzhou during economic system transformation, and to conclude the general social structure model of metropolis in China. On the basis of Principal Components Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster Methods, this paper processes more than 200 variables related to the social area structure from the fifth census data of 2000, and gets 5 key factors of "the degrees of population density", "the education level and occupation", "family status and the proportion of farmer population", "the proportion out of work", "the quality of apartment" who influence Guangzhou social area structure, and divides Guangzhou city into 7 kinds of social areas, that is "the densely populated, crowded old city area", "the residential area of medium-sized income stratum", "the residential area of salary stratum", "the residential area of the intellectual, advanced job person", "the mixed residential area of the migrant and local people", "the urbanized residential area in the suburbs", and "the farmer residential area". After comparison with the social area pattern of Guangzhou in 1985, this paper finds that Guangzhou social area has the following changes from 1985 to 2000: (1) the main factor influencing social area change is still "urbanization" although the importance of "social status" is getting high; (2) the social area structures get more complex, and the income gap and migrant population play a more important role in the formation of social areas; (3) and the three change patterns of Guangzhou social areas are concluded, that is the change pattern based on old city area, the one based on manufacture or university enclave and the one based on farmer social area. Finally, this paper analyzes the mechanism of the social area change from the point of view of national policy change during the economic transition, the history of city growth and the planning control of the government, then outlines the pattern of social spatial structure of China's cities during the period of economic transition, explains the differences of social area structures in China and in Western countries, and predicts the future changes of Guangzhou social areas based on occupation splitting up, family life cycle and migrant population.

Key words: economic system transformation, social spatial structure, social area, Guangzhou