地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (8): 809-817.doi: 10.11821/xb200608003

• 城市发展与机场格局 • 上一篇    下一篇

大连城市空间意象分析

李雪铭,李建宏   

  1. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,大连 116029)
  • 收稿日期:2005-11-09 修回日期:2006-03-10 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2010-09-01
  • 作者简介:李雪铭 (1964-), 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员, 主要从事城市人居环境、城市化与人工地貌环境变化研究与教学工作。E-mail: lixueming999@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471011)

Analysis of Urban Space in Dalian

LI Xueming, LI Jianhong   

  1. College of Urban and Environment Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2005-11-09 Revised:2006-03-10 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2010-09-01
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40471011

摘要:

近年来,城市空间意象研究开始在我国城市地理学界逐渐兴起。通过问卷调查、图片辨认和认知地图调查对大连市微观空间情景和宏观空间结构意象进行研究,在国内首次将因子分析方法应用于微观空间情景的意象偏好分析,并运用均值比较检验及方差分析研究了年龄、性别、学历等属性对个人辨认照片数目及意象范围的影响。研究结果表明:大连市总体可意象程度较高;微观空间情景的意象受其功能、区位、使用者、自然环境以及建筑本体的影响;宏观空间结构意象是以道路为主要支撑,以居住区与商业区为背景,人口集散地与特色建筑点缀其中的立体框架结构;意象区域是以中部为主轴向东西两个方向辐射,并且主要集中在市中心、商业区及风景旅游区;由于受到年龄、性别、学历的影响,个人的意象范围大小存在一定的差异。在此研究基础上,对大连市旅游规划及城市规划提出了相应的建议。

关键词: 大连, 城市意象, 空间意象, 微观空间, 宏观空间

Abstract:

This article analyses the image of microspace scene and macrospace structure of Dalian by questionnaire, photo recognition and cognitive mapping. We also use factor analysis to make a study on what kind of microspace is preferred by people. Meanwhile means test and anova analysis are used to study the impact of age, sex and education background on the personally recognized number of photos and the scope of image of the city. Hence we conclude that Dalian is able to be highly imaged as integration, and the most imageable areas are concentrated in the center of the city, plazas and beauty spots. The image of microspace scene is affected by its function, areas, users, circumjacent environment and architecture noumenon. The image of macrospace structure is a framework which is upheld by road and with the residential and business areas as its background. This framework is dotted with population distributing center and the buildings with certain features. As is affected by age, sex and education background, the image area in different person's minds shares different sizes. Based on the findings and conclusions some suggestions are made for the urban planning and tour planning of Dalian.

Key words: Dalian, urban image, space image, microspace, macrospace