地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (8): 787-797.doi: 10.11821/xb200608001

• 城市发展与机场格局 •    下一篇

上海市城乡实体地域的划分

宋小冬1, 柳朴2, 周一星3   

  1. 1. 同济大学城市规划与设计现代技术实验室,上海 200092;
    2. 同济大学城市规划系,上海 200092;
    3. 北京大学城市与区域规划系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2005-10-11 修回日期:2006-05-15 出版日期:2006-08-25 发布日期:2010-09-01
  • 作者简介:宋小冬(1954-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市规划专业教学,城市规划技术、方法研究,地理信息应用研究。E-mail:spt@mail.tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (50238010; 40335051)

Urban and Rural Area Division:Taking Shanghai as an Example

SONG Xiaodong1, LIU Pu2, ZHOU Yixing3   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Modern Technology in Urban Planning and Design, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    2. Department of Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    3. Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2005-10-11 Revised:2006-05-15 Online:2006-08-25 Published:2010-09-01
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.50238010; No.40335051

摘要:

正确的城乡划分,并以此为依据统计城镇人口,是社会经济统计的重要组成部分,城乡划分方法的研究在理论和现实两方面都具有重要的意义。利用上海市2000年的航空遥感影像和人口普查地理信息系统,作了实验性的城乡实体地域划分。特别对上海市主城区、郊区青浦区、远郊金山区张堰镇三种类型的城镇实体地域,作了较详细的划分方法探讨,以此来分别模拟国内大城市、中小城市和小城镇的实体地域划分。 本文分步骤介绍了各类型城乡实体地域划分的基本过程,同时对每种类型实体地域的多种精度的结果进行比较研究,分别探讨大城市、中小城市和城镇三种类型的实体地域划分在近远期分别应达到的精度。精度合适、操作简便,是本次研究的重点,目的是为了将城镇实体地域划分工作在大范围内推广。

关键词: 城乡划分, 城镇人口, 城镇实体地域, 建成用地, 建成区, 城市统计区, 上海市

Abstract:

As a basis of counting urban population, the correct urban-rural division is an important component in collecting, classifying and analysing socio-economic statistics. Research on urban and rural area division method has the vital significance both in theory and practice. Using Shanghai 2000 aerial remote sensing photographs and the Population Geographical Information System, this paper makes an experimental division of urban and rural areas. Detailed division method discussion has been made for three kinds of urbanized area, i.e., Shanghai city proper, the suburban Qingpu District and outer suburban Zhangyan town of Jinshan District, for the purpose of simulating regional division of the metropolitan, urban and town areas separately. It firstly introduces the basic division processes of the three types of urban and rural areas. Then it conducts a comparative study on different precision results of each type of the areas. Finally the authors discuss the three types of urbanized area divisions for metropolises, medium- and small-sized cities as well as towns in terms of precision to be reached in the near- and long-term respectively. Appropriate precision and simple operation is the focus of this research, which aims at promoting the urbanized area division work in a wide range.

Key words: urban-rural division, urban population, built-up unit, built-up area, urbanized area, Shanghai