地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (7): 771-780.doi: 10.11821/xb200607011

• 国外地理研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

日本的国土规划与城乡建设

吴殿廷1, 虞孝感2, 查良松3, 姚治君4, 杨容5   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京100875;
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008;
    3. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,芜湖241000;
    4. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    5. 中国科学技术协会国际联络部,北京100863
  • 收稿日期:2005-04-29 修回日期:2006-06-03 出版日期:2006-07-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:吴殿廷,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事区域规划、国土规划研究。E-mail:wudianting@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    西部重大科学计划 (90102013); 国家自然科学基金项目(49971001)

National Land-use Planning and Development of Urban and Rural Construction in Japan

WU Dianting1, YU Xiaogan2, ZHA Liangsong3, YAO Zhijun4, YANG Rong5   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Remote Sensing, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS 210008, China;
    3. College of National Resource and Travel, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    4. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    5. International Department, China Association for Science and Technology, Beijing 100863, China
  • Received:2005-04-29 Revised:2006-06-03 Online:2006-07-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of Western China, No.90102013; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49971001

摘要:

通过与联合国区域开发中心、日本国土交通省、九州地方整备局、大分县、大牟田市等规划部门的学术交流和实地考察,分析日本方面提供的相关统计数据和网站资料,总结日本在国土规划、城市规划管理、村町规划中的发展趋势;研究日本在环境保护治理、公共交通建设、旅游开发等方面的先进经验;分析日本在落实国土规划中实行的建立法律体系、派遣科技专家支边、发挥农协作用等措施;提出中国可以学习借鉴的做法。

关键词: 日本, 国土规划, 城乡建设, 环境保护

Abstract:

After the field trip in Japan and communicating with the planning experts from regional development department of the UN, ministry of communication of Japan, local planning bureau of Kyushu, and some local Japanese specialists, we summarized Japan's trend in national land-use planning, urban planning management and rural planning. Advanced experiences in environmental protection, construction of public transportation and tourism development in Japan are studied. We also analyzed the measures taken in the execution of Japan's national land-use planning, such as building law system, dispatching scientists and specialists to remote areas for directing and functioning the peasantry association etc. These methods that can be learned and used for reference for China are proposed finally.

Key words: Japan, national land-use planning, urban and rural construction, environmental protection