地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (6): 593-603.doi: 10.11821/xb200606003

• 区域规划与产业经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地区间经济联系与区域发展驱动力分析

石敏俊1,3, 金凤君2, 李娜1, 赵曌1, 金少胜4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院数据技术与知识经济研究中心,北京 100080;
    4. 筑波大学生命环境科学研究生院,日本筑波 305-8572
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-20 修回日期:2006-03-19 出版日期:2006-06-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:石敏俊 (1964-),男,教授,博士生导师,中国地理学会会员,主要从事区域可持续发展、人地关系调控机理、空间经济过程的经济学研究。E-mail: mjshi@gucas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院“百人计划”资助项目; 国家自然科学基金项目 (40371035)

Interregional Economic Linkage and Regional Development Driving Forces Based on an Interregional Input-Output Analysis of China

SHI Minjun1,3, JIN Fengjun2, LI Na1, ZHAO Zhao1, JIN Shaosheng4   

  1. 1. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Research Center on Data Technology and Knowledge Economy, CAS, Beijing 100080, China;
    4. Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8572, Japan
  • Received:2005-12-20 Revised:2006-03-19 Online:2006-06-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    Hundreds Talents Program of CAS; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371035

摘要:

区域间投入产出分析最能精确刻画区域间经济发展的彼此关联关系和经济增长的驱动力源泉。依据我国宏观区域间的投入产出资料,对20世纪末各个地区产业增长的驱动力进行了判别。结果表明,经过1978年改革开放以来的发展,不同地区产业发展与增长的动力源泉和市场驱动力发生了巨大变化,沿海地区大部分产业已经形成了以非本地市场为动力的发展格局,60%以上的产业对非本地市场的依存度在50%以上,而内陆广大地区,其产业发展的驱动力主要来自于其本地市场。这种巨大的差异导致了产业发展潜力的差异和地理集中度的变化,导致许多产业向沿海集中。这种态势也预示着在市场经济的环境中,西部大开发、东北老工业基地振兴和中部崛起,在产业竞争力培育与市场拓展方面面临较大挑战,也是必须给予政策扶持的重点。此外,从国际贸易角度看,沿海地区产业的国际化程度已经达到相对水平,国际市场的变动将直接冲击这一地区产业的发展,或从中获益。

关键词: 区域间投入产出模型, 空间市场依存, 区外市场依存度, 区域发展驱动力, 地区经济格局

Abstract:

Interregional input-output analysis may depict accurately interregional economic linkage and driving forces of regional development. This paper focuses upon the driving forces of regional industrial development since the 1990s based on analysis of China interregional input-output model. The results show that most of the industries in the coastal areas depend upon external market. The industries with degree of dependence on induced output of external demand exceed 50%, accounting for more than 60% of the total in the coastal areas. On the contrary, in inland areas, most of the industries depend upon the internal market as driving forces of industrial development. The differences in driving forces of industrial development lead to differentiation in potential of industrial development and spatial concentration of industries, and thus many industries gather into the coastal areas. This indicates that development of western areas, revival of northeast industrial bases and growing-up of the midland face many challenges in fostering industrial competitiveness. Hence, the policy of regional development must pay more attention to upgrading of industrial competitiveness in these areas. In view of the external trade, the degree of industrial internationalization in the coastal areas has reached a rather high level. Therefore, the fluctuation of international market will directly influence industrial development, or bring more opportunities to the industrial development in the coastal areas.

Key words: interregional input-output analysis, spatial market dependence, degree of dependence on induced output of external market, regional development driving force, regional economic structure