地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (4): 425-434.doi: 10.11821/xb200604009

• 区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球-地方联结与产业集群的技术学习 ——以河南许昌发制品产业为例

苗长虹   

  1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2005-10-29 修回日期:2005-12-18 出版日期:2006-04-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:苗长虹 (1965-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员, 主要研究方向为经济地理学与区域发展。 E-mail: chhmiao@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40071029);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目 (04JJDZH016)

Global-local Nexus and Technological Learning in Industrial Cluster: A Case Study of Hair-goods Industry in Xuchang, Henan Province

MIAO Changhong   

  1. Research Center of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development and College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
  • Received:2005-10-29 Revised:2005-12-18 Online:2006-04-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40071029; The MOE Project of Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences in University, No.04JJDZH016

摘要:

以产业区理论、管制理论和全球生产网络理论为基础,以学习创新为核心,构建了一个融生产体系与社会生产体制、制度与协调机制、地方生产网络、全球生产网络“四位一体”的学习型产业区分析框架;运用该框架,以河南许昌发制品产业集群为案例,研究了全球—地方网络联结的方式、动态及其对技术学习的影响。研究发现,通过全球与地方生产网络的建构和有机联结,传统产业集群的技术学习是可以从“低端道路”迈向“高端道路”的,发展学习型产业区应作为我国经济发展与技术创新的一项重大战略和政策。

关键词: 全球—地方联结, 产业集群, 学习型产业区, 技术学习, 发制品产业

Abstract:

Industrial clusters have become one of the most popular concepts in local and regional development research and practice not only in the more advanced countries but also in less-developed parts of the world. Since 1978, the great institutional transitions from the planned economy to the market economy and the speeding industrialization have inspired local clusters mushrooming in China. In this paper, drawing upon a global-local nexus perspective and deriving insights from the new regionalists on industrial districts, the regulationists on regulation approach and literature on Global Production Networks (GPN), the author tries to develop a broad conceptual framework, which focuses on the strategic coupling among social systems of production, institutes and regulation mechanisms, local production networks and global production networks, for understanding local cluster and learning industrial district. Using this framework, this paper presents a case study of the Xuchang hair-goods industry, an export-oriented local cluster in the middle Henan province of China, and explores the processes to make global-local nexus and their impacts on promoting restructuring and upgrading of traditional local clusters in China. The case study shows that the technological learning and industrial upgrading in those local clusters within the low road are likely to achieve, and the processes to approach the high road and learning industrial district depend on some critical dynamic factors such as the national institutional change and the active responses of local authorities and entrepreneurs, the relational networks embedded in local institutions and culture, and the extending of global production networks and the dynamic upgrading of global-local nexus. Therefore, developing learning industrial district should be an important strategy and policy to promote China's economic development and technological innovation.

Key words: global-local nexus, industrial cluster, learning industrial district, technological learning, hair-goods industry