地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (2): 115-126.doi: 10.11821/xb200602001

• 人地关系 •    下一篇

当代地理学之人地相互作用研究的趋向——全球变化人类行为计划(IHDP)第六届开放会议透视

史培军1,2, 王静爱3,4, 陈婧2, 叶涛2, 周洪建3,4   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学资源学院灾害与公共安全研究所;
    2. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室;
    3. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院;
    4. 北京师范大学区域地理重点实验室,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2005-11-25 修回日期:2005-12-05 出版日期:2006-02-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:史培军 (1959-), 男, 教授, 博士。中国地理学会副理事长。主要从事环境演变与自然灾害研究。E-mail: spj@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金项目 (40425008)

The Future of Human-Environment Interaction Research in Geography:Lessons from the 6th Open Meeting of IHDP

SHI Peijun1,2, WANG Jing'ai3,4, CHEN Jing2, YE Tao2, ZHOU Hongjian3,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Disaster and Public Security, College of Resources Science and Technology;
    2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education;
    3. College of Geography and Remote Sensing Science;
    4. Key Laboratory of Regional Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2005-11-25 Revised:2005-12-05 Online:2006-02-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, Outstanding Youth Fund, No.40425008

摘要:

在扼要介绍了全球变化人类行为计划 (IHDP) 第六届开放会议主要内容的基础上,综合当前ESSP开展的主要研究项目、IHDP已实施的主要科学研究计划等,阐述了当代地理学之人地相互作用研究的主要领域和发展趋势。作者认为:人地系统除具有区域性和综合性特征外,还具有脆弱性、风险性、恢复性与适应性特征。当代地理学从地理要素与格局的综合研究转向现代地理过程的综合研究;从自然地理与人文地理的集成研究转向现代资源与环境的系统研究;从地理环境重建研究转向现代综合灾害风险管理研究;从地理格局与过程的动力学研究转向资源保障与区域安全系统仿真研究;从区域人地系统相互作用机制研究转向全球人地系统相互作用机制研究。

关键词: 人地系统, 脆弱性, 风险性, 恢复性, 适应性, 当代地理学, 动力学, 转型

Abstract:

Based on a general introduction to the content of the 6th open meeting of IHDP, and an overview of the major projects and science plans of ESSP and IHDP, this paper discussed the future science issues and development priorities for human-environment research in Geography. Besides regional heterogeneity and holistic view, which have already been highly emphasized in Geography, the human-environment system also has vulnerability, risk, resilience and adaptability, which are newly discovered inherent features. These four features can modify, change or transform each other in certain spatial and temporal context. Because of these features, Geography, which takes the mechanism and process of the human-environment system as its congenital task, must redesign its research strategy to contribute to the global human-environment research community. The necessary strategic transformations for geographic research include: from element and pattern oriented to process oriented integrated research; from integrated research which combines physical geography and human geography to systematic research on resources and environment issues; from environment reconstruction to integrated disaster risk management research; from dynamics of pattern and process to systematic simulation of resources guarantee and regional security; from regional human-environment interaction mechanism research to global human-environment interaction mechanism research. This is a big challenge for Geography, and also a precious opportunity we could not bear to lose. We should learn from the strategies in the science plans for global environmental change of IHDP and IGBP, strengthen the understanding of dynamic and non-dynamic behaviors of the human-environment system, then solve the complex globalization, urbanization, resources, environment, ecology, disaster, risk and sustainable development problems we are facing through systematic and integrated research, which is a big advantage of Geography, and gradually approach a resource conserving and environment friendly society. Only in this way, could geographers contribute to the construction of a well off and harmonious society in China, the decision making of global sustainable development, and the bi-health of human and Earth.

Key words: human-environment system, vulnerability, risk, resilience, adaptability, modern geography, dynamics, transformation