地理学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (1): 77-88.doi: 10.11821/xb200601008

• 水沙研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

风水复合侵蚀研究述评

宋阳, 刘连友, 严平   

  1. 北京师范大学资源学院, 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2005-09-22 修回日期:2005-10-26 出版日期:2006-01-25 发布日期:2006-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 严平, E-mail: yp@ires.cn
  • 作者简介:宋阳 (1978-), 男, 博士生, 主要从事土壤侵蚀与干旱区环境研究。E-mail: songyang@ires.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40541005, 30371191); 教育部重点项目 (272008)

A Review on Complex Erosion by Wind and Water Research

SONG Yang, LIU Lianyou, YAN Ping   

  1. College of Resources Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, the Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2005-09-22 Revised:2005-10-26 Online:2006-01-25 Published:2006-01-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40541005; No.30371191; The Ministry of Education of China, No.272008

摘要:

风水复合侵蚀或风水交互作用是干旱、半干旱地区常见的侵蚀过程。这种风力与流水对同一侵蚀对象 (区域) 的共同作用或交替作用塑造了风蚀水蚀交错区特有的侵蚀地貌景观。作为一个相互联系、影响的复杂系统,风水复合侵蚀具有明显的时空分布特征,其侵蚀过程可以划分为古代过程与现代过程。由于以往的风蚀和水蚀研究相互独立,风水复合侵蚀的研究起步较晚。在研究中存在着尺度转化与研究方法不成熟等问题。对风水复合侵蚀的机理与防治以及土壤复合可蚀性的研究都将成为今后研究中的重点与难点。

关键词: 风水复合侵蚀, 风水交互作用, 半干旱区, 沉积物, 现代过程

Abstract:

Complex erosion by wind and water, which is also called aeolian-fluvial interactions, is an important erosion process and landscape in arid and semiarid regions. The effectiveness of links between the wind and water process, spatial environmental transitions and temporal environmental change are the three main driving forces determining the geomorphologic significance of aeolian-fluvial interactions. As a complex interrelating and intercoupling system, complex erosion by wind and water has spatial-temporal variation features. The process of complex erosion by wind and water can be divided into palaeoenvironmental process and contemporary process. Early work in drylands has often been attributed to one of two schools advocating either an "aeolianist" or a "fluvialist" perspective, so it was not until the 1930s that the research on complex erosion by wind and water has been conducted. There are several obstacles restricting the research of complex erosion by wind and water. Firstly, how to transform in different temporal and spatial scales is still unsettled; and secondly, the research methodology is still immature. In the future, the mechanism and control of erosion, the complex soil erodibility in wind and water erosion will be the emphasis of research on complex erosion by wind and water.

Key words: complex erosion by wind and water, aeolian-fluvial interactions, semiarid regions, sediment, contemporary process